List of Important Revolutions in India: Revolutions in India and Agricultural Revolutions

List of Important Revolutions In India: Here are the elaborate details about a list of important Revolutions in India. This article also contains information about revolution in the agricultural fields. It lists the revolutions in India by which agriculture of India undergoes. Revolutions in India marked the beginning of a completely new era in various socio-economic fields like agriculture, petroleum etc. Most of the time these revolutions were concerned with only one particular field and through these revolutions that particular field grew exponentially by the creation of a multitude of new opportunities and openings. As far as competitive exams are concerned, Revolutions in India are often asked in the Static GK Section, hence we decided to compile the list of those revolutions and present them to you in a condensed form. This will help the aspirants to have a broad view of the list of important Revolutions in India.

Click here to know the List of Father of Revolutions in India

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List of Important Revolutions in India: Indian Revolution 

Revolution is the sudden change in the methods and opinion with new techniques often as a result of progress. It is the process of using new methods and techniques in order to increase the yield. Revolutions in India marked the beginning of a completely new era in various socio-economic fields like agriculture, petroleum etc. Most of the time these revolutions were concerned with only one particular field and through these revolutions that particular field grew exponentially by the creation of a multitude of new opportunities and openings. There are two types of revolutions in India that are given below.

 

 

List of Important Revolutions in India: Industrial Revolutions

The process of changing an economy from an agrarian and handicraft to one with a dominant industry is known as industrial revolutions.It was the time when there was no, electricity, radio, television, computer, internet, vehicles, etc and people worked with their hands so by this they waste a lot of time in their works. But after Industrialization, their life fully changes. A large number of people enjoy good health facilities, education, travel, a life which is never possible without Industrialization. Industrial development also plays a very important role in providing employment and increasing the economy of the country. Industrialization is a process in which the economy is transformed from agricultural goods to the manufacturing of goods and labour replaced by mechanised mass production. And the period of Industrialization is called Industrial Revolution which started in the 19th century. After 1850 a new phase of India started because a large scale private industry of jute, cotton, and silk was established. The first jute industry started at Hooghly Valley at Kolkata in 1854. To transport the goods easily from one place to another, railways started in India. First Rail started from Bombay to Thane in 1854. This is the fourth era of the industrial revolution in India.

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First Industrial Revolution In India: Coal In 1769

The process of manufacturing where machines were introduced and products were manufactured for the first time. During this period, the discovery of coal and its mass extraction, as well as the development of the steam engine and metal forging completely changed the way goods were produced and exchanged. Inventions such as spinning machines and looms to make fabric were making their appearance. Canal transportation began replacing waggons and mules for moving around these goods.

 

Second industrial revolution in India: Gas in 1870

The invention of the combustion engine went hand-in-hand with these fuel sources. Both steel- and chemically based products entered the market during this time. Developments in communication technology got a jump start with the telegraph and later the telephone. Transportation grew by leaps and bounds with the invention of the plane and the car. Mechanical production grew in speed through the advent of mass production.

 

Third industrial revolution in India: Electronics and nuclear in 1969

The third industrial revolution in India is entering into the fields of electronics and nuclear industries.

 

Fourth industrial revolution in India :

However, the momentum comes not from the shift in energy but from the acceleration of digital technology. The internet and the digital world mean a real-time connection within more and more components of a production line, both inside and outside facility walls. As the development of the internet of things, cloud technology and artificial intelligence continue, a virtual world will merge with the physical world. Predictive maintenance and real-time data will lead to smarter business decisions for a myriad of companies around the world.

 

Industrial Revolutions

Industries 

Period 

First Era

coal

1769

Second Era

gas

1870

Third Era

Electronic and nuclear

1969

Fourth Era

Internet and renewable energy

2000

 

List of Important Revolutions in India: Agricultural Revolution 

Agricultural revolution refers to the significant changes in agriculture when there are inventions, discoveries or new technologies implemented. These revolutions change the ways of production and increase the production rate. The Green Revolution was a period that began in the 1960s during which agriculture in India was converted into a modern industrial system by the adoption of technology, such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, mechanised farm tools, irrigation facilities, pesticides and fertilisers.

 

The increased agricultural production of the 18th century can be traced to four interrelated factors:

  • The increased availability of farmland
  • A favourable climate
  • More livestock
  • Improved crop yield

 

List of important Revolutions in India: List of Agricultural Revolutions

The major agricultural revolutions are explained along with the father of the revolutions in the table given below.

 

Agricultural revolutions in India

Name of the revolution

Products

Father of revolution

Green revolution

Integration of ecological principles in technology development

M.S.Swaminathan

Protein revolution

Higher Production (Technology-driven 2nd Green revolution)

Coined by Narendra Modi and Arun Jaitely

Yellow revolution

Oilseed Production (Especially Mustard and Sunflower)

Sam Pitroda

Black revolution

Petroleum products

-

Blue revolution

Fish and aquarium products

Dr Arun Krishnan

Brown revolution

Leather / Cocoa / Non-Conventional Products

-

Golden fibre revolution

Jute products

-

Golden revolution

Fruits / Honey Production / Horticulture Development

Nirpakh Tutej

Grey revolution

fertilisers

-

Pink revolution 

Onion Production / Pharmaceuticals / Prawn Production

Durgesh Patel

Silver revolution

Egg Production / Poultry Production

Indira Gandhi (Mother of the Revolution)

Silver fibre revolution

Cotton 

-

Red revolution 

Meat Production / Tomato Production

Vishal Tiwari

Round revolution

Potato 

-

Green revolution

Foodgrains

M.S. Swaminathan

White revolution

Milk products 

Verghese Kurien

 

Green Revolution:

The green revolution began during the late 1960s. Agriculture in India was converted into a modern industrial system by the adoption of technology, such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, mechanised farm tools, irrigation facilities, pesticides and fertilisers. M.S.Swaminathan is known as the father of the green revolution who developed a high yielding variety of rice and wheat crops. He developed and promoted this sustainable development called green development. Foodgrains are the products yielded by the green revolution.

 

Protein Revolution:

The protein revolution was started in the year 2014 coined by Narendra Modi and Arun Jaitely. It was nothing but the introduction of new technologies for the production of more crops. New technologies are introduced for the production of food grains. It is technology-driven and 2 nd generation of the green revolution.

 

Yellow Revolution:

The yellow revolution is one of the colours of colour revolutions that has launched to increase the production of edible oilseeds in the country to meet the domestic demand for edible oil. The father of the yellow revolution is Sam Pitroda. The revolution was launched in the year 1986 and kept going till 1987 for the production of oilseeds.

 

Black Revolution:

To increase petroleum production, the Government planned to accelerate the production of ethanol and to mix it up with petrol to produce biodiesel. Ethanol is a renewable source of energy and is a by-product of sugar production produced from molasses. The blending of ethanol with petrol has been practised in the USA and Brazil for over 70 years. The blending of ethanol with transport fuels would provide better returns to farmers, supplement scarce resources of hydrocarbons and be environment-friendly by reducing pollutants as it helps combustion.

 

Blue Revolution:

The concept of the rapid increase in the production of fish and marine products through the package programme. It was launched in India during the seventh Five-year plan(1985-1990) when the central government-sponsored the Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA).

 

Brown Revolution:

 This revolution focuses on meeting the demand for coffee from developed nations by growing socially responsible and environment-friendly coffee. The Brown Revolution is related to Visakhapatnam’s tribal area.

 

Golden Fibre Revolution:

It refers to the production of jute. Nirpakh tutaj is the father of this golden fibre revolution. Jute is known as the golden crop, because of its colour and high cash value. It is the cheapest fibre obtained from the skin of the plants. In the period between 1991 and 2003, the golden fibre revolution took place.

 

Golden Revolution:

The period between 1991 and 2003 is referred to as the Golden revolution period of India.it is one of the prominent agricultural revolutions which is related to increasing the production of honey and horticulture. Nirpakh tutaj is the father of this golden revolution. The main purpose was to boost honey and horticulture production as it faced a massive increase from Rs.6308.5 crores in 2004-2005 to Rs. 28,62861 crores in 2014-2015.

 

Grey Revolution:

Grey revolution is related to increased fertiliser production. It is basically associated with the mal effects of the green revolution of India focusing on what can happen if the new agricultural equipment turns things wrong. It was started in the 1960s to 1970s in India. Among the greenery, noticing grey , the grey revolution has laid its root in the green revolution. The grey revolution is practised for the high production of food grains and crops.

 

Pink Revolution:

Pink revolution is the term used for the technological revolutions in the meat and poultry processing sector. India is a country with a huge cattle and poultry population. The modernisation techniques can yield high potential growth in this sector.

 

Silver Revolution:

It is the immense growth of egg production in India by the use of modern techniques and methods to enhance the growth efficiently in poultry farming. It was started in 1969-1978 and innovation plays a major role in the growth of this industry. The father of the silver revolution was Indira Gandhi.

 

Silver Fibre Revolution:

Silver fibre revolution is associated with Cotton. Cotton is mainly found in Gujarat in India. The improvising process and adoption of modern techniques help the growth of cotton in India. India has been the richest producer of cotton after the silver fibre revolution.

 

Red Revolution:

Red revolution is preferred to boost the production of tomatoes and meat in India. Vishal Tewari was the father of the red revolution in India. This revolution boosts the forming and poultry sector took place in the 1980s. This leads to growth in rapid production of tomatoes and livestock products(meat) by which Indias’ agriculture grew on average by 3.1% per year.

 

Round Revolution:

Round revolution is the technique adopted by India to increase the production of potatoes in the country. The technique aims to increase the production of potatoes by double or triple in order to meet the annual income.

 

White Revolution:

This revolution is associated with the increase in the production of milk and dairy products in the country. Verghese Kurien, known as the "Father of the White Revolution" in India, was a social entrepreneur whose "billion-litre idea", Operation Flood, made dairy farming India's largest self-sustaining industry and the largest rural employment sector providing a third of all rural income.

 

List of important Revolutions in India: Rainbow Revolution 

The policy aimed at achieving a growth rate of over 4 per cent per annum by introducing the 'rainbow revolution’ in the next two decades so that the total GDP growth can be sustained at 6.5 per cent. In July 2000, the Centre Government of India had announced the first-ever national agriculture policy. The various colours of the Rainbow Revolution indicate various farm practises such as Green Revolution (Food Grains), White Revolution (Milk), Yellow Revolution (Oil seeds), Blue Revolution (Fisheries); Golden Revolution (Fruits); Silver Revolution (Eggs), Round Revolution (Potato), Pink Revolution (Meat), Grey Revolution (Fertilisers) and so on. Thus, the concept of the Rainbow revolution is an integrated development of crop cultivation, horticulture, forestry, fishery, poultry, animal husbandry and food processing industry.

The table shows the production of crops before and after the Agricultural revolution

 

Year

Sugarcane(million  tonnes)

Cotton(million bales)

Jute and mesta(million bales)

1950-51

57.05

3.04

3.31

1960-61

110

5.6

5.26

1970-71

126.37

4.76

6.19

1980-81

154.25

7.01

8.16

1990-91

241.05

9.8

9.23

2000-01

295.96

9.52

10.56

2010-11

342.38

33

10.62

2017-18

376.9

34.89

10.41



The effects of the industrial revolution on agriculture and farming are listed below: 

  • More demand on raw materials
  • Mechanised farming to meet the demand of raw materials.
  • The invention of chemical fertilisers to grow bumper crops and to improve the financial status of the farmers.
  • Digging of soil with the use of machines so that even barren lands can be cultivated.
  • Irrigation facilities.
  • Rearing farm cattle.
  • Import of raw materials.

 

Aspirants will understand the importance of the topic Agricultural Revolutions in India only when they know the questions asked in the exam. So refer to the previous question paper to know the importance of a list of important Revolutions in India. This article containing the List of important Revolutions in India will be useful for candidates to clarify their doubts regarding the list of important Revolutions in India.

 

List of Important Revolutions in India: FAQs

Q.Which of the following periods is known as the first Green Revolution period in India?

A. 1966-1969 is known as the first Green Revolution period in India.

 

Q. Who is the father of the red revolution?

A. Vishal Tewari is considered to be the father of the Red revolution because he is the one who started the revolution. This is related to the production of tomatoes and meat.

 

Q. What is the Rainbow revolution?

A. The concept of the Rainbow revolution is an integrated development of crop cultivation, horticulture, forestry, fishery, poultry, animal husbandry and food processing industry.

 

Q. What is Purple revolution?

A. Purple revolution was launched to empower domestic farmers and increase the production of homegrown varieties.

 

Q. What are the effects of the industrial revolution on agriculture and farming?

  • More demand on raw materials
  • Mechanised farming 
  • The invention of chemical fertilisers
  • Digging of soil
  • Irrigation facilities.
  • Rearing farm cattles.
  • Import of raw materials.

 

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