List Of Father Of Revolutions in India: List of Important Revolutions

List Of Fathers Of Revolutions in India: Here are the elaborate details about a list of fathers of Revolutions in India. This article also contains information about the revolution in the agricultural fields and its father. It lists the revolutions in India by which agriculture of India undergoes and father of all revolution in India pdf. Revolutions in India marked the beginning of a completely new era in various socio-economic fields like agriculture, petroleum, etc. Most of the time these revolutions were concerned with only one particular field and through these revolutions that particular field grew exponentially by the creation of a multitude of new opportunities and openings. Details regarding the father of round revolution are also provided here. As far as competitive exams are concerned, the father of Revolutions in India is often asked in the Static GK Section, hence we decided to compile the list of those revolutions in India pdf and present them to you in a condensed form. This will help the aspirants to have a broad view of the list of fathers of Revolutions in India and father of all revolutions in India pdf has been attached for further use.


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List Of Fathers Of Revolutions in India: Revolution 

What is a Revolution?

Revolution is the sudden change in the methods and opinion with new techniques often as a result of progress. It is the process of using new methods and techniques to increase the yield. Revolutions in India marked the beginning of a completely new era in various socio-economic fields like agriculture, petroleum, etc. Most of the time these revolutions were concerned with only one particular field and through these revolutions that particular field grew exponentially by the creation of a multitude of new opportunities and openings. There are two types of revolutions in India that are industrial revolution and agricultural revolution. The revolutions in India pdf has been attached for the reference of the candidates. Click on revolutions in India pdf for downloading and further references.

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List of Fathers of Revolutions in India: Industrial Revolutions

The process of changing an economy from an agrarian and handicraft to one with a dominant industry is known as industrial revolutions. It was the time when there was no, electricity, radio, television, computer, internet, vehicles, etc and people worked with their hands so by this they waste a lot of time in their works. But after Industrialization, their life fully changes. A large number of people enjoy good health facilities, education, travel, a life which is never possible without Industrialization. Industrial development also plays a very important role in providing employment and increasing the economy of the country. Industrialization is a process in which the economy is transformed from agricultural goods to the manufacturing of goods and labour replaced by mechanized mass production. And the period of Industrialization is called Industrial Revolution which started in the 19th century. After 1850 a new phase of India started because a large-scale private industry of jute, cotton, and silk was established. The first jute industry started at Hooghly Valley at Kolkata in 1854. To transport the goods easily from one place to another, railways started in India. First Rail started from Bombay to Thane in 1854. This is the fourth era of the industrial revolution in India.

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Industrial Revolutions



First Era



Second Era



Third Era

Electronic and nuclear


Fourth Era

Internet and renewable energy



Father of the Industrial Revolution in India:

Jamshedji Tata is regarded as the legendary "Father of Indian Industry". He was so influential in the world of an industry that Jawaharlal Nehru referred to Tata as a One-Man Planning Commission. Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was India’s pioneer industrialist who founded the Tata Group of companies which is the largest and most diversified group of companies in India, manufacturing products ranging from kitchen salt and spices to iconic cars like the jaguar and Land Rover, and almost everything in between — from consumer electronics, computer software, steel, and electric power generation as well as distribution.


List of Fathers of Revolutions in India: Agricultural Revolution

Agricultural revolution refers to the significant changes in agriculture when there are inventions, discoveries, or new technologies implemented. These revolutions change the ways of production and increase the production rate. The Green Revolution was a period that began in the 1960s during which agriculture in India was converted into a modern industrial system by the adoption of technology, such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, mechanized farm tools, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers.


The increased agricultural production of the 18th century can be traced to four interrelated factors:

  • The increased availability of farmland
  • A favourable climate
  • More livestock
  • Improved crop yield


List of Agricultural Revolutions

The major agricultural revolutions are explained in the table given below. The father of all revolution in India pdf has been attached in this article below.


Agricultural revolutions in India

Name of the revolution


Green revolution in India 

Integration of ecological principles in technology development

Protein revolution in India 

Higher Production (Technology-driven 2nd Green revolution)

Yellow revolution in India 

Oilseed Production (Especially Mustard and Sunflower)

Black revolution in India 

Petroleum products

Blue revolution in India

Fish and aquarium products

Brown revolution in India

Leather / Cocoa / Non-Conventional Products

Golden fibre revolution in India

Jute products

Golden revolution in India

Fruits / Honey Production / Horticulture Development

Grey revolution in India


Pink revolution in India

Onion Production / Pharmaceuticals / Prawn Production

Silver revolution in India

Egg Production / Poultry Production

Silver fibre revolution in India


Red revolution in India

Meat Production / Tomato Production

Round revolution in India


Green revolution in India


White revolution in India

Milk products 


List of Fathers of Revolutions in India: Father of Agricultural Revolution in India

This table contains the list of fathers of all revolutions in India with period and father of all revolutions in India pdf has been attached for further use.


Name of the Revolution

Field of the Revolution

Father of the Revolution

Period of the Revolution

Green Revolution in India


M.S. Swaminathan

1966 – 1967

White Revolution or Operation flood In India 

Milk/ Dairy products

Dr Varghese Kurien

1970 – 1996

Blue Revolution in India

Fish and Aqua

Dr Arun Krishnan, and Dr Harilal Chaudhari


Golden Revolution in India 

Fruits, Honey, Horticulture

Nirpakh Tutaj

1991- 2003

Silver Revolution in India


Indira Gandhi


Yellow Revolution in India

Oil Seeds

Sam Pitroda

1986 – 1990

Pink Revolution in India

Pharmaceuticals, Prawns, Onion

Durgesh Patel


Brown Revolution in India

Leather, Coco

Hiralal Chaudri


Red Revolution in India

Meat, Tomato

Vishal Tewari


Golden Fibre Revolution in India 




Evergreen Revolution in India

Overall Production of Agriculture.

M.S. Swaminathan

2017 – 2022

Black Revolution in India




Silver Fiber Revolution in India




Round Revolution in India



1965- 2005

Protein Revolution in India

Agriculture (Higher Production)


2014 – 2020

Grey Revolution in India



The 1960s-1970s


Green Revolution in India:

The green revolution began during the late 1960s. Agriculture in India was converted into a modern industrial system by the adoption of technology, such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, mechanised farm tools, irrigation facilities, pesticides and fertilisers. M.S.Swaminathan is known as the father of the green revolution who developed a high yielding variety of rice and wheat crops. He developed and promoted this sustainable development called green development. Foodgrains are the products yielded by the green revolution.


Protein Revolution in India:

The protein revolution in India was started in the year 2014 coined by Narendra Modi and Arun Jaitely. It was nothing but the introduction of new technologies for the production of more crops. New technologies are introduced for the production of food grains. It is technology-driven and 2 nd generation of the green revolution.


Yellow Revolution in India:

The yellow revolution is one of the colours of colour revolutions that has launched to increase the production of edible oilseeds in the country to meet the domestic demand for edible oil. The father of the yellow revolution is Sam Pitroda. The revolution was launched in the year 1986 and kept going till 1987 for the production of oilseeds.


Black Revolution in India:

To increase petroleum production, the Government planned to accelerate the production of ethanol and to mix it up with petrol to produce biodiesel. Ethanol is a renewable source of energy and is a by-product of sugar production produced from molasses. The blending of ethanol with petrol has been practised in the USA and Brazil for over 70 years. The blending of ethanol with transport fuels would provide better returns to farmers, supplement scarce resources of hydrocarbons and be environment-friendly by reducing pollutants as it helps combustion.


Blue Revolution in India:

The concept of the rapid increase in the production of fish and marine products through the package programme. It was launched in India during the seventh Five-year plan(1985-1990) when the central government-sponsored the Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA).


Brown Revolution in India:

This revolution focuses on meeting the demand for coffee from developed nations by growing socially responsible and environment-friendly coffee. The Brown Revolution in India is related to Visakhapatnam’s tribal area.


Golden Fibre Revolution in India:

It refers to the production of jute. Nirpakh tutaj is the father of this golden fibre revolution. Jute is known as the golden crop, because of its colour and high cash value. It is the cheapest fibre obtained from the skin of the plants. In the period between 1991 and 2003, the golden fibre revolution took place.


Golden Revolution in India:

The period between 1991 and 2003 is referred to as the Golden revolution period of is one of the prominent agricultural revolutions which is related to increasing the production of honey and horticulture. Nirpakh tutaj is the father of this golden revolution. The main purpose was to boost honey and horticulture production as it faced a massive increase from Rs.6308.5 crores in 2004-2005 to Rs. 28,62861 crores in 2014-2015.


Grey Revolution in India:

Grey revolution is related to increased fertiliser production. It is associated with the mal effects of the green revolution of India focusing on what can happen if the new agricultural equipment turns things wrong. It was started in the 1960s to 1970s in India. Among the greenery, noticing grey, the grey revolution has laid its root in the green revolution. The grey revolution is practised for the high production of food grains and crops.


Pink Revolution in India:

Pink revolution is the term used for the technological revolutions in the meat and poultry processing sector. India is a country with a huge cattle and poultry population. The modernisation techniques can yield high potential growth in this sector.


Silver Revolution in India:

It is the immense growth of egg production in India by the use of modern techniques and methods to enhance the growth efficiently in poultry farming. It was started in 1969-1978 and innovation plays a major role in the growth of this industry. The father of the silver revolution was Indira Gandhi.


Silver Fibre Revolution in India:

Silver fibre revolution is associated with Cotton. Cotton is mainly found in Gujarat in India. The improvising process and adoption of modern techniques help the growth of cotton in India. India has been the richest producer of cotton after the silver fibre revolution.


Red Revolution in India:

Red revolution is preferred to boost the production of tomatoes and meat in India. Vishal Tewari was the father of the red revolution in India. This revolution boosts the forming and poultry sector took place in the 1980s. This leads to growth in rapid production of tomatoes and livestock products(meat) by which Indias’ agriculture grew on average by 3.1% per year.


Round Revolution in India:

Round revolution is the technique adopted by India to increase the production of potatoes in the country. The technique aims to increase the production of potatoes by double or triple to meet the annual income. The father of the round revolution was not known.


White Revolution in India:

This revolution is associated with the increase in the production of milk and dairy products in the country. Verghese Kurien, known as the "Father of the White Revolution" in India, was a social entrepreneur whose "billion-litre idea", Operation Flood, made dairy farming India's largest self-sustaining industry and the largest rural employment sector providing a third of all rural income.


List of fathers of Revolutions in India: Rainbow Revolution

The policy aimed at achieving a growth rate of over 4 per cent per annum by introducing the 'rainbow revolution’ in the next two decades so that the total GDP growth can be sustained at 6.5 per cent. In July 2000, the Centre Government of India had announced the first-ever national agriculture policy. The various colours of the Rainbow Revolution indicate various farm practises such as Green Revolution (Food Grains), White Revolution (Milk), Yellow Revolution (Oilseeds), Blue Revolution (Fisheries); Golden Revolution (Fruits); Silver Revolution (Eggs), Round Revolution (Potato), Pink Revolution (Meat), Grey Revolution (Fertilisers) and so on. Thus, the concept of the Rainbow revolution is an integrated development of crop cultivation, horticulture, forestry, fishery, poultry, animal husbandry and food processing industry. 


Father of Revolution in World:

One key leader was agricultural scientist Norman Borlaug, the "Father of Green Revolution", who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. He is credited with saving over a billion people from starvation. His basic approach was the development of high-yielding varieties of cereal grains, expansion of irrigation infrastructure, modernization of management techniques, distribution of hybridized seed, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers. As the development of new cereal varieties through selective breeding reached its limits, some agricultural scientists turned to the creation of new strains that did not exist in nature, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), a phenomenon sometimes called the Gene Revolution.


Studies show that the Green Revolution contributed to a widespread reduction of poverty, averted hunger for millions, raised incomes, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, reduced land use for agriculture, and contributed to declines in infant mortality.


Aspirants will understand the importance of the topic Agricultural Revolutions in India only when they know the questions asked in the exam. So refer to the previous question paper to know the importance of a list of fathers of Revolutions in India. This article containing the list of fathers of  Revolutions in India will be useful for candidates to clarify their doubts regarding the list of important Revolutions in India pdf.


List of Fathers of Revolutions in India: FAQs

Q. Who is the father of the golden revolution in India?

A. Golden Revolution happened between 1991 to 2003 in India and is marked by increased productivity in the areas of horticulture, honey and fruit production. Nirpakh Tutej is called the Father of the Golden Revolution because of his immense contribution to leading this imperative agricultural movement.


Q. Who was the father of revolution in the world?

A. Samuel Adams was the father of revolution in the world of people.


Q. Who is known as the father of the Green Revolution?

A. Norman Borlaug, the American plant breeder, humanitarian and Nobel laureate known as “the father of the Green Revolution”. 


Q.What is the pink revolution?

A. The term Pink Revolution refers to the technological revolutions in the meat and poultry processing sector in the country, introduced by Durgesh Patel. Pink Revolution is focused on poultry & meat processing, onion production & pharmaceuticals.


Q. Who is known as the father of Indian Green?

Swaminathan is an agricultural scientist and a geneticist. He is known as the father of the Indian Green Revolution.


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