List of Crops Producing States In India 2022: Check Major Crop Producer Details Here

List of Crops Producing States in India 2022: Here is the detailed information about the list of crops producing states in India 2022. We also discuss the major crops, leading producers of major crops in India. The top producers of Indian crops are mentioned in this article. We all know that India is the top producer of crops and India is famous for its agriculture jobs. Most of the population in India depends on agriculture and has agriculture as their major occupation. Most of the lands in India are agricultural lands. To know about the list of crops producing states in India 2022. Do you know the major crop producing states in India? Where is maize being cultivated more? Stay tuned with this article to clear your doubts and know more about the list of crop producing states in India 2022. Each and every competitive exam has a list of questions regarding crops producers in India. As it is a general topic that is asked in the general knowledge section the candidates appearing for future competitive exams will find this article more useful.

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What are Crops?

Crops are plants or plant substances that are planted and harvested for the use of humans and well being of living things on the earth. A crop is a plant or an animal product that is allowed to grow and also harvested for for-profit purposes. The crops can be consumed for daily uses as food like grains, vegetables, etc., and can be traded commercially. Most farmers do grow different types of crops in India and other countries on various farms. The crops can be classified into two types on the basis of the season in which it is planted and harvested.

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Types of crops in India: List of crop producing states in India 2022

On the basis of the season in which the crops are planted and harvested the crops are classified into three. They are mentioned below.

 

Kharif crops: List of Crops Producing States in India 2022

The Kharif crops are cultivated during the monsoon season in India, i.e. from June to September. These crops are also known as monsoon crops—for example, bajra, ragi, groundnut, cotton, etc. The time for crop cultivation is during the monsoon season, June, and harvested by September. The daily use of Kharif crops is rice and maize.

 

Rabi crops: List of Crop Producing States in India 2022

The second type of crop in India is the Rabi crop. The word Rabi is derived from an Arabic meaning spring. The period for these crops is from October to March. They are grown in the winter season and harvested at the beginning of the spring season. For example, wheat, gram, mustard, peas, barley, etc. These crops are not easily affected by rainfall as they need less amount of water to grow.

 

Zaid crops: List of Crops Producing States in India 2022

This is the third type of crop in India. The crops grow in the Zaid season, i.e. between March to June. This is the shortest season compared to Kharif and Rabi season crops. For example, bitter gourd, watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber,  etc.

 

Types of crops

Seasons  

crops

states

Kharif

Sown: June - July

Harvested: September - October

Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, soybean, etc.

Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Maharashtra

Rabi 

Sown: October - December

Harvested: April- June

Wheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard, etc

Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh

Zaid 

Sown and harvested: March-July

(between Rabi and Kharif)

Seasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops, etc

Most of the northern and northwestern states

 

Classification of crops: List of Crops Producing States in India 2022

The crops are categorized into two on the basis of their use. The crops are classified on the basis of their use as food crops and cash crops.

 

Food crops:

Food crops are essential sources of energy for the body. Nowadays, the demand for the supply of food crops is on the increase. To maintain the balance of food, we need to protect the crops from pathogens which could be ectoparasites, viruses, bacteria, oomycetes, fungi, protozoans, or nematodes. The major purpose of food crops is mainly to feed the farmers. Simple farming methods are used just to sustain domestic needs.

 

Food crops

season

States 

Rice

Sown: June - July

Harvested: September - October

West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu

wheat

Sown: October - December

Harvested: April- June

Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, and Gujarat

Millets

Sown: May-August

Harvested: September- January

Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana.

Maize

Sown: June - July

Harvested: September - October

Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat

Pulses

Sown: June - July

Harvested: September - October

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh

Jowar 

Sown: June - July

Harvested: September - October

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.

Bajra 

Sown: June - July

Harvested: September - October

Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Gujarat. 

 

Cash crops:

Cash crops are agricultural crops that are planted for the purpose of selling on the market or for export to make a profit, as distinguished from subsistence crops planted for the purpose of self-supply of the farmer (like livestock feeding or food for the family).

 

Cash crops 

Season 

States 

Sugarcane

September to October (Autumn) and February to March (spring)

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Haryana, and Punjab

Jute 

Monsoon climate

West Bengal, Assam, Bihar 

Cotton 

March-May and June-July 

Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and parts of Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka.

Tea 

March - October 

Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Sikkim, Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Bihar, Orissa

coffee

Spring season

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu

Rubber 

June- July 

Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Assam and Meghalaya, Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and West Bengal.

 

Oilseeds: List of crop producing states in India 2022

India is one of the major oilseeds growers and importers of edible oils. The diverse agro-ecological conditions in the country are favorable for growing 9 annual oilseed crops, which include 7 edible oilseeds (groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, soybean, sunflower, sesame, safflower, and niger) and two non-edible oilseeds (castor and linseed).

 

Oil seeds

States 

Groundnut 

Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan.

Coconut 

Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh

Sunflower 

Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra

Mustard 

Assam, Bihar, Orissa, and West Bengal 

Soybean 

Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

Sesame 

West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana and Tamil Nadu

rapeseed

Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Orissa, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, and West Bengal

Nigar 

Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Chhattisgarh

Castor 

Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana

Linseed

Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Assam 

 

Spices: List of crop producing states in India 2022

A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used as a flavoring agent in foods. The spice can be leaves, flowers, and stems of the plant which is used for flavoring and coloring. Some have medical power and some are used for fragrance and perfumes.

 

Crops

States

Turmeric

Andhra Pradesh & Odisha

Ginger

Kerala and Uttar Pradesh

Cashew Nuts

Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh

Pepper

Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu

 

Largest Crop Producing States in India :

India is famous for its agricultural occupation and the maximum population in India depends on agriculture for their living. Agriculture plays a major role in the lives of the people. It contributes to a larger scale of GDP rate and economic rate for Indias’ growth. Here is the list of the largest producers of each crop and the state which is responsible for its massive production. Each state contributes an amount to India's economic growth. Uttar Pradesh is India's top farming state, with considerable state-level crop production including bajra, rice, sugarcane, food grains, and many others. It ranks first among India's wheat-producing states, ahead of Haryana, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh. The following table contains the largest producers of various crops along with the position of production.

 



Name of the crops 


Producer of crops

Position 1

Position 2

Position 3

Rice 

West Bengal

Uttar Pradesh

Punjab 

wheat

Uttar Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

Punjab

Jowar 

Maharashtra 

Karnataka 

Tamil Nadu

Bajra 

Rajasthan

Uttar Pradesh

Gujarat

Maize 

Karnataka

Madhya Pradesh

Bihar

Ragi 

Karnataka

Tamil Nadu

Uttarakhand

Small millets 

Uttarakhand

Madhya Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh

Barley 

Rajasthan 

Uttar Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

Tur dal

Madhya Pradesh

Maharashtra 

Karnataka

Gram

Madhya Pradesh

Karnataka

Rajasthan 

Urud 

Madhya Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh

Tamilnadu 

Moong 

Rajasthan

Andhra Pradesh

Tamilnadu

Other pulses

Madhya Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh

Rajasthan

Pulses 

Madhya Pradesh

Rajasthan

Maharashtra 

Groundnut 

Gujarat 

Rajasthan

Tamilnadu

Castor seed

Gujarat 

Rajasthan 

Andhra Pradesh

Sesame 

West Bengal

Madhya Pradesh 

Uttar Pradesh

Sunflower 

Karnataka

Haryana 

Andhra Pradesh

Sugarcane 

Uttar Pradesh

Maharashtra

Karnataka

Cotton 

Gujarat 

Maharashtra

Telangana

Jute 

West Bengal

Bihar

Assam

Tea 

Assam

West Bengal 

Tamilnadu

Coffee 

Karnataka

Kerala

Tamilnadu

Tobacco 

West Bengal

Bihar 

Assam 

Foodgrains

Uttar Pradesh 

Madhya Pradesh

Punjab

 

Top Crop Producing States in India - List of crop producing states in India 2022

The top 10 states in producing crops are explained below with a bar graph.

 

Leading Crop Producing States in India - List of crop producing states in India 2022

Indian agriculture is evolving at the same time as the country develops. Food production and consumption patterns are shifting. In India, there has been a rise in population, income, rural/urban mobility, and extension of rural per capita productivity for several years. Demand for food increased as a result of the improvement of all of these elements. The top 10 leading crop producing states in India are listed below.

 

States 

Crops

West Bengal

Foodgrains ie mainly rice

Mango, Litchi, Pineapple, Guava, and Orange

Punjab 

Fruits and vegetables

Gujarat 

Cotton, groundnut, castor, bajra, tur, green gram, sesamum, paddy, maize, and sugarcane

Haryana ( cattle farming)

Sugarcane, paddy, wheat, and sunflower 

Uttar Pradesh ( top forming state)

Foodgrains and sugarcane

Madhya Pradesh

Wheat and maize, pulses like urad, soyabean 

Assam 

Tea 

Andhra Pradesh

Mainly rice, jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, tobacco, legumes, sugarcane, and other crops

Karnataka

Rice, maize, moong dal, red chile, sugarcane, peanuts, soybean, turmeric, and cotton are the Kharif crops o. Mustard, sesamum, barley, wheat, and peas are the rabi crops

Chhattisgarh ( rice bowl of India)

Mainly rice 

Lime, Cashew-nut, Guava, Cheku, Mango, and other fruit crops.Cucurbits, cabbage, beans, cauliflower, and other vegetable crops.Ginger, turmeric, methi, coriander, chilli, garlic, and other spices.

 

The average yields of each crop in the previous year are explained below.

The production of various crops in various years is listed here ( in hectors).

Crop

1961

1971

1981

1991

2001

2011

Rice

34694

34694

40708.4

42648.7

44900

44010

Wheat

12927

18240.5

22278.8

24167.1

25730.6

29068.6

Pulses

3592

2582.8

2388

2123.1

1650

1700

Oilseeds

486

453.3

557.5

557.5

716.7

1471

Sugar cane

2413

2615

2666.6

3686

4315.7

4944.39

Tea

331.229

358.675

384.242

421

504

600

Cotton

7719

7800

8057.4

7661.4

9100

12178

 

Agriculture: List of crop producing states in India 2022

The process of producing food, feed, fiber, and other products by the cultivation of different plants and growing domestic animals such as cows, sheep, horses, etc (livestock production) is called agriculture. It is an important source of food supply for humans.it is the source of the world's food supply. Agriculture is the single largest employer in the world.

 

The process of agriculture includes

  • Preparing the soil 
  • Sowing 
  • Adding manures and fertilizers
  • Irrigation
  • Harvesting and storage

 

The farming systems that have been practiced in India are subsistence farming, organic farming, and commercial farming. The regions that contribute to agriculture differ in types of farming they use all over India and they are based on horticulture, agroforestry, ley farming, and many more. due to the geographical location, climate differences occur. Based on the nature of the land, climatic conditions, and available water the agriculture practiced by the farmer may differ.

 

Subsistence agriculture is where the farmer and their family cultivate crops and cereals for their own and for local markets. Cereals like millets, rice, wheat, and maize are cultivated here. As the farmers can't offer more for irrigation and fertilizers they cultivate small land for their own use.

 

Commercial farming is done for the cultivation of cash crops. It is done on a large scale basis as these are sold out in international markets. This type of agriculture is done in sparsely populated areas such as Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, etc. The crops that are cultivated in this farming are sugarcane, wheat, jute, cotton, etc.

 

Importance of Agriculture: List of crop producing states in India 2022

Around 58% of the total land in India is dependent on agriculture. Indian lands are fertile for both cash and food crops. Agriculture is the life essence of many people in India. It is the single largest employer in the world. With a 70% of growth scale, India is the 6th largest global food marketing and producing land. The history of agriculture dates back to the Indus valley civilization. In the case of farm outputs, India ranked second worldwide. 50% of the Indian workforce are part of the agriculture sector and the agriculture sector is contributing around 17–18% to the country’s GDP.

 

List of Crop Producing States in India 2022: FAQs

Q.Which state has the highest agricultural production in India and names the crops cultivated there?

Uttar Pradesh is India's top farming state, with considerable state-level crop production including bajra, rice, sugarcane, food grains, and many others. It ranks first among India's wheat-producing states, ahead of Haryana, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh.

 

Q. Who is the biggest farmer in India?

A. Ram Saran Varma is the most prosperous farmer in India. He uses modern techniques for farming and brings out the most successful farming in India.

 

Q. Which state farmers are the richest in India?

A. Now, the northern states of Meghalaya are the richest in India. As they earn about Rs.29,346 per month as farmer households which is greater than Punjab’s household i.e. 26,701.

 

Q. Where is the largest farm located in India?

A. Nagaland with an average of 5 hectares is the home for the largest farming in India. Punjab and Haryana are known for their agricultural output.

 

Q. Which state is known for growing rabi crops?

Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh.

 

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