List of National Languages Of India 2024 PDF: Check Official State Wise Map With Chart And Essay

Languages Of India List 2024: Language is a vital part of the communication process. It helps us share our feelings, ideas, and our own thoughts about certain things so that others can understand them easily. India is home to several languages across various states. In this List of Languages of India article, we will discuss Languages of India List, List of Languages Of India, List of  Languages of India in constitution, Languages of India with states or called as Languages of India state wise, Languages of India with their states, 22 languages of India, king of all languages of India, languages in india upsc, languages in india with states,  what is the national language of India, total official languages in India, how many official languages of India, or list of languages in India state wise, List of Languages of Indian states, languages in india with states, languages in india number, languages list in India, languages list pdf, languages list a-z, languages spoken in tamil nadu, languages spoken in india with states, languages spoken in india in hindi, languages spoken in india number, languages spoken in india list, languages spoken in india map, languages spoken in india state wise, languages spoken in india total, languages spoken in india 2024, Languages of India map, Languages of India in Hindi, Languages of India UPSC, Languages of India essay, how many languages in India list pdf, languages in india total, languages spoken in India, List of official languages of India, List of 22 official languages of India, oldest languages list in India, world first language list in India, state wise language list in India, most spoken language list in India, what are the 22 languages list in India, list of languages in india pdf, list of major indian languages, List of languages spoken in India, List of scheduled languages of India. All these topics which are related to List of Official Languages of India will discuss the same subject but with individual sub topics. People living in communities around the world speak their own languages. Across various geographical locations, the languages may vary. Languages of India UPSC means the Languages of India list has been asked many times in UPSC exams. The Languages of India Chart is given below in this List of Languages of India 2024 article.

Download Monthly Current Affairs PDF

Article 343 of the languages of India Constitution stated that the official language of the Union is Hindi in Devanagari script, with the official use of English to continue for 15 years from 1947. As mentioned in the eighth schedule of the constitution of India, there are 22 constitutional total languages in India 2024, namely; Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili, and Dogri. Candidates in search of languages of India PDF, languages in India number, languages in India total, languages in 8th schedule, languages in India 2011 census, languages spoken in India, classical languages of India, etc., can be found by referring to the article below. So Aspirants please concentrate on all these topics like the languages of India List, Languages of India with states or called Languages of India state wise, or list of languages in India state wise, List of Languages of Indian states, languages in India in Hindi, Languages of India map, Languages of India in Hindi, languages in India pdf, Languages of India UPSC, Languages of India essay, how many languages in India list pdf, Languages of India with their states, languages spoken in India, what is the national language of India, king of all languages of India, List of official languages of India, List of 22 official languages of India, List of languages spoken in India, List of scheduled languages of India. Each individual topic is important from the exam point of view and is asked in many competitive exams. The Languages of India Chart and Languages of India PDF are given below in this List of Languages of India article.

Read All Static GK Topics

Languages Of India PDF Download

Candidates preparing for competitive exams can download the languages of India PDF from the direct link below. Check the languages in India state wise and for the union territories provided below. Languages of India pdf is also called how many languages in India List in hindi and english pdf. Both the PDF files are the same. The languages of India map are given at the beginning of the article. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

List of Languages of India PDF in English Download Link

List of Languages of India PDF in Hindi Download Link

Languages of India pdf in hindi or how many languages in India list pdf are the same. Aspirants, please download the pdf file so that you can send the file to the other aspirants who are preparing for the competitive exams and to other friends who are preparing for the competitive exams which will make their preparation easier. Languages of India UPSC means the Languages of India list has been asked many times in UPSC exams. The languages of India Chart is given below this article.

National Languages of India

In India, there are 28 states and 8 union territories with a wide range of languages. Always there is a question like what is the national language of India? Ans. There is no specific national language of India. The national language and the official language have their differences. Designation of the national language is not given to any language by our constitution.

In this article, the topics like nation language in India, National language in India, india's national language, national languages of India, Indian national language, national language of indian, India languages official, what is India national language are given in detailed mannner.

Domestic and International Airports in India

Languages Of India Map

Languages in India Map: The languages of India map are provided below in this List of Official Languages of India page with states and their official languages. Candidates preparing for competitive exams can refer to the languages spoken in India map, List of Official Languages of India, and remember the languages of Indian states easily. Have a look at the languages of India map provided here in this List of Languages of India page. The Languages of India map is not only useful for this topic but also it is useful in understanding many related topics like the Languages of India list, Languages of India with states, languages in India in Hindi, what are the 22 official languages of India, what are the 22 languages in India, List of languages spoken in India, List of languages in India state wise, List of languages of Indian states, List of official languages of India, how many Languages in India 2024, etc. The Languages of India Chart and Languages of India pdf are given below in this article. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

Indian Languages List: Languages Of India State Wise

Languages in India Constitution: The languages of Indian states list is added below. Grab knowledge of the languages of India with states with official languages of India state wise and second official language of India state wise details below. Candidates in search of languages in India with states, languages in India list, languages of Indian states, languages of India list, India languages list, languages in India total, languages in India, languages of south India, how many languages of India, languages of India state wise can refer to the table below. Languages of India UPSC means the Languages of India list has been asked many times in UPSC exams. Languages of India map are given in the above paragraph. The languages of India Chart and languages of India pdf are given below this article.

Languages of Indian States And Union Territories

Candidates can have a look at the languages of Indian states and union territories provided below.

Languages In India State Wise / Languages In India With States

Languages of India State Wise: The upcoming table will give you results regarding Languages of India with states, Languages of India state wise, List of languages in India state wise, Official Languages in India state wise, Official languages in India 2024, List of Languages of Indian states, list of languages spoken in India, list of official languages of India, List of scheduled languages of India, languages of India list. For all these topics the table gives you answers for all.  Languages spoken in Tamilnadu, languages spoken in Jammu and Kashmir, Languages spoken in Bihar, Languages spoken in Andhra Pradesh, Languages spoken in Arunachal Pradesh, Languages spoken in Assam, Languages spoken in Chhattisgarh, Languages spoken in Goa, languages spoken in Gujarat, languages spoken in Haryana, languages spoken in Himachal Pradesh, languages spoken in Jharkhand, languages spoken in Karnataka, languages spoken in Kerala, languages spoken in Madhya Pradesh, languages spoken in Maharashtra, languages spoken in Manipur, languages spoken in Meghalaya, languages spoken in Mizoram, languages spoken in Nagaland, languages spoken in Odisha, languages spoken in Punjab, languages spoken in Rajasthan, languages spoken in Sikkim, languages spoken in Telangana, languages spoken in Tripura, languages spoken in Uttar Pradesh, languages spoken in Uttarakhand, languages spoken in West Bengal can be referred through the table below. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

Important Lakes In India

Languages Of Indian States

Languages In India State Wise - Languages of India List - States With Languages in India

S.No.

State

Languages Of India Official

Second Official Language(s)

1.

Andhra Pradesh

Telugu

English

2.

Arunachal Pradesh

English

-

3.

Assam

Assamese

Bengali, Bodo

4.

Bihar

Hindi

Urdu

5.

Chhattisgarh

Hindi

Chhattisgarhi

6.

Goa

Konkani, English

Marathi

7.

Gujarat

Gujarati

Hindi

8.

Haryana

Hindi

English, Punjabi

9.

Himachal Pradesh

Hindi

Sanskrit

10.

Jharkhand

Hindi

Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Ho, Kharia, Khortha, Kurmali, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali and Urdu

11.

Karnataka

Kannada

English

12.

Kerala

Malayalam

English

13.

Madhya Pradesh

Hindi

-

14.

Maharashtra

Marathi

-

15.

Manipur

Manipuri

English

16.

Meghalaya

English

Khasi and Garo

17.

Mizoram

Mizo

English, Hindi

18.

Nagaland

English

-

19.

Odisha

Odia

-

20.

Punjab

Punjabi

-

21.

Rajasthan

Hindi

-

22.

Sikkim

English, Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha

Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang

24.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil

English

24.

Telangana

Telugu

Urdu

25.

Tripura

Bengali, English, Kokborok

-

26.

Uttar Pradesh

Hindi

Urdu

27.

Uttarakhand

Hindi

Sanskrit

28.

West Bengal

Bengali, English

Nepali, Urdu, Hindi, Odia, Santali, Punajbi, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi, Kurmali, Kurukh and Telugu

List of Official Languages by Union Territories

Languages spoken in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Puducherry are provided in the table here. In the above table, you will get answers to all the questions The upcoming table will give you results regarding Languages of India with states, Languages of India state wise, List of languages in India state wise, List of Languages of Indian states, list of languages spoken in India, list of official languages of India, List of scheduled languages of India, languages of India list. Languages of India UPSC means the Languages of India list has been asked many times in UPSC exams. The languages of India map is given at the beginning of the article. The Languages of India Chart and Languages of India PDF are given below this article. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

Festivals of India List

List of Official Languages by Union Territories

S.No.

Union Territories

Official Languages

Second Official Language(s)

1.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Hindi, English

-

2.

Chandigarh

English

-

3.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Gujarati, Konkani, Marathi, Hindi

-

4.

Delhi

Hindi, English

Urdu and Punjabi

5.

Lakshadweep

Malayalam

English

6.

Jammu and Kashmir

Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, Urdu, English

-

7.

Ladakh

Hindi, English

-

8.

Puducherry

Tamil, French, English

Telugu and Malayalam

 

National Language Of India

National Language Of India: According to the Indian constitution, there is no national language in India. Hindi and English are the official languages of India. Article 343(1) of the Indian constitution clearly mentions that “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.” Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

Difference Between National And Official Languages

The difference between the national and official languages of Indian states is provided below. The languages of India map are given at the beginning of the article.

Difference Between National And Official Languages

National Languages

Official Languages

It is spoken by a large proportion of the inhabitants of a nation

Official languages are used only for government purposes

It is used for

  • Political
  • Cultural
  • Social functions

It is used in

  • National court
  • Parliament, or business purposes, typically recognized and adopted by the government or in the legislature

Bird Sanctuaries in India

Official Languages Of India - 22 Scheduled Languages Of India

Official Languages of Indian States: Article 343(3) states that Parliament may by law provide for the use of the English language. Initially, there were 14 languages that were included in the Constitution. Then Sindhi, Konkani, Nepali, Manipuri, Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali have added after the amendment acts. The Sindhi language was added by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967. Konkani, Nepali, and Manipuri were included by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992. Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003. Now there are 22 scheduled languages that are included in the languages in the 8th schedule of the Constitution. The languages of India Chart is given below this article.

List Of 22 Scheduled Languages Of India / Official Language Of India

  1. Assamese
  2. Bengali
  3. Gujarati
  4. Hindi
  5. Kannada
  6. Kashmiri
  7. Marathi
  8. Malayalam
  9. Oriya
  10. Punjabi
  11. Sanskrit
  12. Tamil
  13. Telugu
  14. Urdu
  15. Sindhi
  16. Konkani
  17. Nepali
  18. Manipuri
  19. Bodo
  20. Dogri
  21. Maithili
  22. Santhali

Languages Spoken In India Percentage

Languages Spoken In India Percentage: The languages spoken in India percentage is tabulated with the number of total language speakers respective of languages spoken. Also, have an understanding of the 10 most spoken languages in India by number of speakers. From the beginning of the article and from the above following paragraph we have discussed about the following topics like Languages of India with states, Languages of India state wise, List of languages in India state wise, List of Languages of Indian states, list of languages spoken in India, list of official languages of India, List of scheduled languages of India, languages of India list. Please make use of it. The languages of India map are given at the beginning of the article. The languages of India Chart is given below of this article. Note that the languages of India pdf are given above in this article. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

Important Revolutions in India

10 Most Spoken Languages in India by Number of Speakers

Languages Spoken In India Percentage

Language

Total Language Speakers

Languages Spoken In India Percentage

Hindi

52.83 Crore

43.6

Bengali

9.72 Crore

8.30

Marathi

8.30 crore

6.86

Telugu

8.11 Crore

6.7

Tamil

6.90 Crore

5.70

Gujarati

5 Crore

4.58

Urdu

5.07 Crore

4.19

Kannada

4.37 Crore

3.61

Odia

3.75 crore

3.10

Malayalam

3.40 Crore

2.88

Punjabi

3.31 Crore

2.74

Assamese

1.53 Crore

1.26

Maithili

1.35 Crore

1.12

Meitei

1,761,079

0.15

English

259,678

0.02

Sanskrit

24,821

0.00185

List of Dams In India

Languages Spoken In India Pie Chart

Languages of India By Number Of Speakers: This sub topic talks about Languages of India Chart in detail. The languages spoken in India pie chart details for easy reference of the candidates are given below. The pictorial representation of the languages spoken by percentage in India is shared with detailed splitting based on the number of speakers of that particular language. Refer to the languages spoken in India pie chart below. From the beginning of the article and from the above following paragraph we have discussed about the following topics like Languages of India with states, Languages of India state wise, List of languages in India state wise, List of Languages of Indian states, list of languages spoken in India, list of official languages of India, List of scheduled languages of India, languages of India list. Please make use of it. The languages of India chart is given below. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

 

Classical Languages Of India

The classical languages of India are selected based on certain criteria. Classical languages have independent literary traditions and written literature from the ancient period. All the Classical Languages are listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. Languages of India pdf is given above in this article. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

Classical Languages Of India Criteria

The idea of classical language originated in Europe. According to information provided by the Ministry of Culture in the Rajya Sabha in February 2014, the guidelines for declaring a language as ‘Classical’ are listed below. The government has provided certain guidelines to declare a certain language as classical. Here is the eligibility of language as classical language criteria.

  • Extraordinary antiquity of its early transcripts or verified history over a period of 1500-2000 years.
  • A body of ancient literature or texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers.
  • The literary tradition should be original and unique, and certainly not hired from another language community.
  • Classical language and literature are diverse from modern, there may also be a discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or its sprouts.

Important Lakes in India

First Language To be Declared As Classical

Satisfying the norms given above the first language to be declared as the classical language with the year of declaration is given.

  • The first language to be accorded with that status is Tamil
  • Tamil was declared the classical language back in 2004

6 Classical Languages Of India List

The 6 classical languages of India list is tabulated below along with the year of the declaration of that language as classical. Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

6 Classical Languages Of India List

Classical Languages Of India

Year Of Declaration

Tamil

2004

Sanskrit

2005

Kannada 

2008

Telugu 

2008

Malayalam 

2013

Odia 

2014

Languages In India 2011 Census

The languages in India census 2011 recognize 1369 rationalized mother tongues and 1474 names that were treated as ‘unclassified’ and relegated to the ‘other’ mother tongue category. After detailed language review, editing, and rationalization on 19,569 raw linguistic affiliations, these rationalized mother tongues were selected. The rationalized mother tongues were spoken by 10,000 or more speakers. They are further grouped into a total of 121 languages. Out of these 121 languages, 22 languages are already part of the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India and the other 99 are termed as "Total of other languages". Languages of India in Hindi are given below in this article.

National Parks in India

Oldest Languages Of India

The oldest languages in India list are given below for your reference. Based on their existence the old languages of India are given. The languages of ancient India are an essential fact that everyone should be aware of.

11 Oldest Languages Of India

The 11 oldest languages of India based on their existence are provided below.

  • Tamil
  • Sanskrit
  • Kannada
  • Telugu
  • Malayalam
  • Odia
  • Marathi
  • Bengali
  • Gujarati
  • Hindi
  • Urdu

Famous Books for Competitive Exams

Languages Of Indian Currency

Languages of Indian Currency: Contemporary currency notes by the Reserve Bank of India have 15 languages printed on them. This is in addition to the Hindi displayed in the center and English on the reverse side of the note. The 15 languages printed on the note are:

  • Assamese
  • Bengali
  • Gujarati
  • Kannada
  • Kashmiri
  • Konkani
  • Malayalam
  • Marathi
  • Nepali
  • Oriya
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
  • Tamil
  • Telugu
  • Urdu

List of Tiger Reserves in India

Languages of India Quiz

The Languages of India quiz is given below for your practice. Answer all the questions with the given options.

Q. Which of the following is the official language of Arunachal Pradesh?

  1. Hindi
  2. Konkani
  3. English
  4. Manipuri

Correct Answer: (3)

Q. Which of the following is the official language of Jharkhand?

  1. Hindi
  2. English
  3. Assamese
  4. Marathi

Correct Answer: (1)

Q. Which of the following is the official language of Nagaland?

  1. Bengali
  2. Mizo
  3. Nepali
  4. English

Correct Answer: (4)

Q. Which of the following is the official language of Kerala?

  1. Malayalam
  2. Tamil
  3. Kannada
  4. Telugu

Correct Answer: (1)

Q. Which of the following is the official language of Himachal Pradesh?

  1. Marathi
  2. Hindi
  3. Mizo
  4. Angika

Correct Answer: (2)

FAQs - Languages Of India

The FAQs related to the languages in India are provided below.

Q. Who conducts the language survey in India?

The survey is conducted by volunteers including language experts, social historians, and the staff of the NGO organizations.

Q. What are the 22 languages in India / How many languages in the Indian constitution?

The official 22 languages of India are Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Marathi, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Sindhi, Konkani, Nepali, Manipuri, Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali.

Q. Why did the 22 languages of India are called scheduled languages?

The 22 official languages of India are included in the 8th schedule of the constitution. Hence they are called scheduled languages.

Q. Where the Tamil language is declared as the official language?

The Tamil language is declared as the official in the state of Tamilnadu in India.

Q. When was the census last taken for languages in India?

The last census was held in 2011 for the languages in India.

Q. What are all the languages spoken in India / How many languages are spoken in India 2024 /  How many languages in India with name?

The languages in India's 2011 census recognize 1369 rationalized mother tongues and 1474 names that were treated as ‘unclassified’ and relegated to the ‘other’ mother tongue category. Some of them are, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, etc., For more details refer to this article.

Q. As per the census India has how many major languages?

The languages in India's 2011 census recognize 1369 rationalized mother tongues and 1474 names that were treated as ‘unclassified’ and relegated to the ‘other’ mother tongue category. 

Q. Which language has the status of the national language in India / Is Hindi the national language of India / Which language in India is the national language?

According to the Indian constitution, there is no national language in India. Hindi and English are the official languages of India.

Q. How many classical languages are there in India?

Six classical languages in India namely Tamil, Telugu, Sanskrit, Kannada, Malayalam, and Odia have been given the status of classical languages.

Q. How many languages are there in India and what is the ratio of Hindi speaking in India?

There are 22 official languages out of 121 languages as specified in the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The ratio of Hindi speaking in India is 43.63% of the total population (52.83 crore speakers).

Q. What are the top 3 languages spoken in India?

The top 3 languages spoken in India are Hindi, Bengali, and Marathi.

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