Direct To Indirect Speech Rules: Check Definitions, Examples, Exercises

Direct And Indirect Speech Rules: In the general conversion, we usually use direct and indirect speech for expressing our thoughts or sharing the thoughts said by someone. When we need to repeat a remark or action of someone via written or verbal communication, we employ both direct and indirect speech. It is employed to provide a direct-indirect description of what someone stated. Depending on the nature of the talk, one of the two methods is employed (formal or informal). If you are studying for any government or bank exam, it is imperative that you learn both direct and indirect speech. Aspirants in search of direct to indirect speech rules PDF, direct to indirect speech rules and examples, direct to indirect speech tense rules, direct to indirect speech exercises, direct to indirect speech rules with examples PDF, direct and indirect speech examples, direct indirect speech rules PDF, etc., can refer to the in depth details provided here related to the direct to indirect speech rules examples, definition and exercises. Students can achieve good grades in both direct and indirect communication with practice, as direct and indirect speaking is relatively simpler.

Download English Grammar Rules PDF

This article also deals with the topics like direct and indirect voice, direct or indirect speech, direct and indirect narration, direct and reported speech, indirect speech and direct speech, speech direct and indirect, direct to reported speech, indirect direct speech, direct to indirect speech statement examples, speech direct indirect, direct and indirect speech examples, direct and indirect speech rules, direct to indirect speech exercises, direct and indirect speech examples with answers, direct and indirect speech rules chart, direct to indirect speech examples, direct and indirect speech definition, direct and indirect speech questions, direct and indirect speech quiz, direct and indirect speech formula, direct to indirect speech examples, direct to indirect speech rules, direct to indirect speech converter, direct to indirect speech exercises, direct to indirect speech statement examples, and so on in detial.

Direct To Indirect Speech Rules With Examples PDF

Direct Indirect Speech Rules PDF: Knowing the direct indirect speech rules in depth is indispensable for anyone who is willing to convert from one form to another impeccably. Now, to help you understand the direct to indirect speech rules and to remember the concepts easily, we have curated the direct indirect speech rules in PDF format for easy understanding. Aspirants preparing for competitive exams might come across this topic in the English language section. Have a look at the direct indirect speech rules through the PDF given and ace the exams with good scores.

Direct To Indirect Speech Rules With Examples PDF Download

What is Direct Speech?

Direct speech is used to quote exactly the same phrases. When writing in direct speech, we simply leave the words "said" alone and enclose them in quotation marks (" "). We could be recording what is being said (during a phone call, for example) or asking later about a previous discussion inverted commas.

Direct Speech Examples

  • “Where do they live?”
  • You asked me where they lived.
  • “When are you leaving?”
  • He asked us when we were leaving.
  • “How will they get here?”
  • She asked me how they would get here.

English Language Study Materials Free PDF Download

What is Indirect Speech?

When discussing the past, indirect speech, also known as reported speech, typically involves changing the tense of the words stated. Reporting verbs like "tell," "say," and "ask" are employed, and the word "that" might be used to begin the reported instead of (" ") The concepts of "Reported speech" and "Reported verb" are also introduced through direct and indirect speech.

Indirect Speech Examples

  • You said you’d had a headache the day before yesterday.
  • He said it’d been raining since that afternoon.
  • She said she hadn’t seen them since the previous week.
  • You asked me where they lived.
  • He asked us when we were leaving.
  • She asked me how they would get here.

 

Direct To Indirect Speech Rules: Complete Details

Direct And Indirect Speech Conversion: The complete set of rules to convert from direct to Indirect speech is given below. Aspirants who need to learn about the direct and indirect speech rules and to know the direct to indirect speech conversion rules, in general, must proceed further.

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 1: Instead Of Inverted Commas, Use 'That'

Remove the inverted commas when converting direct speech to indirect speech, and use it instead of commas.

Direct To Indirect Speech Examples

  • Direct: Rani said, 'I am thirsty'.
  • Indirect: Rani said that she was thirsty.

In Indirect Speech, Tense Does Not Change For,

  • Whether the reported speech (the portion of the phrase enclosed in inverted commas) represents universal truth or habitual behavior.
  • The tense will not change if the reporting verb is in the present tense.

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 2: Change In Tense

Indirect speech will shift reported speech into the past tense when the reporting verb is in the past tense.

Direct To Indirect Speech Examples

  • Hari said, “He will do the homework.” (Direct Speech)
  • Hari said that he would do the homework. (Indirect Speech)

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Can

Could

May

Might

Must

Had to/ Would have to

Should

Should

Might

Might

Could

Could

Would

Would

Ought to

Ought to

Learn how to change tenses by reading the table below.

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Present simple

 (Subject +V1st + Object)

Past simple

(Subject +V2 + Object)

Present continuous

 (Subject +is/am/are+V1 +ing+ Object)

Past Continuous

(Subject +was/were+V1 +ing+ Object)

Present perfect

(Subject + has/have+V3+Object)

Past perfect

(Subject+had+V3+Object)

Past simple

(Subject+V2+Object)

Past perfect

(Subject+had+V3+Object)

Past Continuous

(Subject +was/were+V1 +ing+ Object)

Past perfect continuous

(Subject +had been+V1 +ing+ Object)

Future simple

(Subject+ will/shall+V1+object)

Present Conditional

(Subject+ would+V1+object)

Future Continuous

(Subject +will/shall+be+V1 +ing+ Object)

Conditional Continuous

(Subject +would+be+V1 +ing+ Object)

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 3: Change In Pronoun

Depending on the subject or the pronoun of the reporting verb (initial part of the phrase), the pronoun or the subject of the reported speech changes. The possessive pronouns (his, hers, and mine) can also alter depending on whether the pronoun is personal or object.

Direct to Indirect speech Example

  • He said, “I am happy.” (Direct Speech)
  • He said that he was happy. (Indirect Speech)

In the above example ‘I’ is changed into ‘he’ according to the reporting verb (first part) and the tense is also changed because the reporting verb (first part) is in the past tense.

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

I

He/she

You

He/she/they

We

They

They

They

He

He

She

She

It

It

Us

Them

Our

Their

His

His

Her

Her

Its

Its

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 4: Change In Place And Time

Depending on the subject or the pronoun of the reporting verb (initial part of the phrase), the pronoun or the subject of the reported speech changes. The possessive pronouns (his, hers, and mine) can also alter depending on whether the pronoun is personal or object.

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

Now

Then

Here

There

Today

That day

Tomorrow

The next day

Last week

The previous week

This

That

Tonight

That night

Ago

Before

Thus

So

Hither

Thither

Come

Go

Hence

Thence

Next

Following

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 5: Interrogative Sentences

If a direct speech sentence begins with a question word (what, where, when), there is no need for a conjunction because the "question word" itself functions as a conjunction. Remove the question mark "?" while converting the interrogative sentence into indirect speech.

Direct to Indirect speech Example

  • “Where is the temple?” asked the boy. (Direct Speech)
  • The boy asked where was the temple. (Indirect Speech)

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 6: Yes/No Interrogative Sentences

If an auxiliary verb or helping verb comes first in a direct speech sentence, the joining clause will become either if or whether. Reporting verbs (verbs used in the first part) like "said/said to" change to "enquired," "asked," or "demanded" while changing the interrogative sentence.

Direct to Indirect speech Example

  • He asked me “Are you angry with me?” (Direct Speech)
  • He enquired whether/if I was angry with him. (Indirect Speech)

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 7: Request, Command, Wished, Enquired

Some verbs are used in indirect speech, including requested, ordered, urged, and advised. The word forbidden is used to describe the negative statements. As a result, in indirect communication, the infinitive word takes the place of the imperative mood that is present in direct speech.

Direct to Indirect speech Example

  • She said to her, “Please complete the homework.” (Direct Speech)
  • She requested her to complete the homework. (Indirect Speech)

Direct To Indirect Speech Rule 8: Exclamatory Sentence

Exclamatory sentences that express (grief, sorrow, delight, or applaud) are changed into assertive sentences by eliminating the interjections.

Direct to Indirect speech Example

  • Students said, “Hurrah! India has won the match.” (Direct Speech)
  • Students exclaimed with joy that India had won the match (Indirect Speech)

Difference Between Direct And Indirect Speech

Here we have added the important differences between direct and indirect speech for the reference of the candidates preparing for competitive exams. 

Direct Speech Indirect Speech

Direct speech implies a direct discourse that reports information using the speaker's own words.

When someone speaks indirectly, they are defining what they said in their own words.

When quoting someone in the third person, use an inverted comma.

No need to use an inverted comma.

When we use someone else's original words again.

when we report what someone else says using our own words.

Examples

  • Priya said, “I will be there in five minutes.”
  • Paul said to me, “What are you looking at?”
  • Nivi said, “You should give him a second chance.”

Examples

  • Priya said that she would be here in five minutes.
  • Paul asked me what am I looking at.
  • Nivi advised that I should give him a second chance.

FAQs - Direct To Indirect Speech Rules

Q. What are the rules for changing direct to indirect speech?

The complete set of rules for changing from direct to indirect speech is mentioned here in this article.

Q. What is direct speech?

Direct speech is used to quote exactly the same phrases. When writing in direct speech, we simply leave the words "said" alone and enclose them in quotation marks (" "). We could be recording what is being said (during a phone call, for example) or asking later about a previous discussion inverted commas.

Q. What is indirect speech?

When discussing the past, indirect speech, also known as reported speech, typically involves changing the tense of the words stated. Reporting verbs like "tell," "say," and "ask" are employed, and the word "that" might be used to begin the reported instead of (" ") The concepts of "Reported speech" and "Reported verb" are also introduced through direct and indirect speech.

Q. What are the examples of direct speech?

Some of the examples of direct speech are “Where do they live?”, You asked me where they lived, “When are you leaving?”, He asked us when we were leaving, and “How will they get here?”.

Q. What are the examples of indirect speech?

Some of the examples of indirect speech are You said you’d had a headache the day before yesterday, He said it’d been raining since that afternoon, She said she hadn’t seen them since the previous week, You asked me where they lived.

  • TAGS

Recent Posts

International Day Of Action For Women’s Health 2024 - May 28 History, Theme, Significance, Quotes

May 28 2024

List Of Important Days In May 2024: Check National And International Days With Themes

May 28 2024

IBPS RRB Job Location 2024: Advantages, Home Posting Of PO And Clerk

May 27 2024

General Awareness Smart Analysis
  • Get Weekly 4 set Test
  • Each Set consist of 50 Questions
  • Compare your progress with Test 1 & 2 & Test 3 & 4
  • Deep Analysis in topic wise questions
₹599 ₹149
View Package
Super Plan
  • Premium Bundle PDF Course 2024
  • Bundle PDF Course 2023
  • Ultimate Bundle PDF Course 2022
  • Grand Bundle PDF Course 2021
  • English Bundle PDF Course
  • Insurance & Financial Market Awareness Bundle PDF  Course
  • Descriptive Papers for Bank & Insurance Exams
  • Interview Bundle PDF Course
  • General Awareness Smart Analysis
  • All Bank Exams Video Course
  • All Mock Test Series (Platinum Package)
  • All Premium eBooks
₹17990 ₹1999
View Package
Premium PDF Course 12 Months
  • Bundle PDF Course 2024
  • Prime PDF Course 2023
  • Ultimate Bundle PDF Course 2022
₹5999 ₹979
View Package