Daily Current Affairs Quiz - 01st March 2024

Dear Readers, Daily Current Affairs Questions Quiz for SBI, IBPS, RBI, RRB, SSC Exam 2024 of 01st March 2024. Daily GK quiz online for bank & competitive exam. Here we have given the Daily Current Affairs Quiz based on the previous days Daily Current Affairs updates. Candidates preparing for IBPS, SBI, RBI, RRB, SSC Exam 2024 & other competitive exams can make use of these Current Affairs Quiz.

 

Start Quiz

 

1) Which of the following has received the prestigious payment aggregator (PA) license from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)to facilitate e-commerce transactions through its application?

(a) Phonepe

(b) Paytm

(c) Amazon Pay

(d) GPay

(e) BHIM


2)
Government expenditure is predicted to reduce the general government debt-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio to 73.4% by 2030-31, down from an estimated how many percent in 2023-24?

(a) 86.1%

(b) 81.6%

(c) 82.6%

(d) 83.6%

(e) 85.6%


3)
The Interest Equalization Scheme for Pre and Post-Shipment Rupee Export Credit (the "Scheme") has been extended by the Government of India (GoI) till June 30, 2024. How many HS lines will the manufacturers and merchant exporters handling those specific lines benefit from a 2% interest equalization rate?

(a) 400HS

(b) 410HS

(c) 420HS

(d) 430HS

(e) 450HS


4)
IndusInd Bank and Bharat Financial Inclusion Limited have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with which State Government would focus on livestock healthcare management and welfare?

(a) Maharashtra

(b) Madhya Pradesh

(c) Uttar Pradesh

(d) Jharkhand

(e) Assam


5)
Which compensation level for the Director of the National Institute of One Health at the level of Scientist 'H' will result in an annual financial impact of approximately Rs. 35.59 lakhs?

(a) 14

(b) 15

(c) 16

(d) 17

(e) 18


6)
How many semiconductor units has Narendra Modi approved under the 'Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystems in India' initiative?

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 5

(e) 6


7)
The PM-Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana, worth Rs.75,021 crore, aims to install rooftop solar and provide free power to one crore families. How many units would be provided each month?

(a) 200units

(b) 300units

(c) 400units

(d) 500units

(e) 100units


8) The
Cabinet approves Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) rates for KHARIF Season 2024 on Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) fertilizers, and how many new Fertilizer grades would be included in the NBS scheme?

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 5

(e) 6


9)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi authorized an amendment to the Second Schedule to the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 (the "MMDR Act") to establish the royalty rate for how many vital and strategic minerals?

(a) 10

(b) 11

(c) 12

(d) 13

(e) 15


10)
The Union Cabinet, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, sanctioned the establishment of the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) with a one-time budgetary contribution of Rs.150 crore for five years. How many big cats are there in India?

(a) 4

(b) 5

(c) 6

(d) 7

(e) 3


11)
In its February 2024 plenary meeting, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) effectively removed which country from the watchdog's grey list?

(a) Qatar

(b) UAE

(c) Iraq

(d) Pakistan

(e) Kenya


12)
Which colour list, also known as Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs), includes countries that support terrorist financing and money laundering activities?

(a) White

(b) Grey

(c) Black

(d) Red

(e) Green


13)
The World Gold Council has named Sachin Jain as its new Chief Executive Officer (CEO) for India, from March 2024. Where is the World Gold Council's headquarters located?

(a) USA

(b) UK

(c) UAE

(d) Germany

(e) Denmark


14)
Vijay Shekhar Sharma, Paytm's founder and CEO, has stepped down from the board of Paytm Payments Bank.Vijay Shekhar Sharma owns what percentage of Payments Bank in his personal capacity?

(a) 49%

(b) 51%

(c) 50%

(d) 70%

(e) 60%


15)
Zurich Insurance Group will pay 55.60 billion rupees for how much percentage share in Kotak Mahindra Bank's general insurance arm?

(a) 49%

(b) 51%

(c) 50%

(d) 70%

(e) 60%


16)
India introduces the first septic tank cleaning robot to support the Swachh Bharat campaign.How many cities has it reached so far?

(a) 15

(b) 14

(c) 16

(d) 12

(e) 18


17)
Rajeev Chandrasekhar launched the 'Investor Information and Analytics Platform' developed by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras. IIT Madras worked with which Venture Engineto develop the platform?

(a) GNOS

(b) YNOS

(c) MNOS

(d) KNOS

(e) PNOS


18)
In which year did Zero Discrimination Day originally take place on March 1st?

(a) 2015

(b) 2014

(c) 2013

(d) 2012

(e) 2011


19)
Every year, on the first ______ of March, Employee Appreciation Day is celebrated.

(a) Monday

(b) Thursday

(c) Saturday

(d) Sunday

(e) Friday


20) When were World Civil Defence Day and Self Injury Awareness Day observed?

(a) February 28

(b) February 29

(c) March 1

(d) March 2

(e) February 27


Answers :

1) Answer: C

Short Explanation:

Amazon Pay, the financial technology division of e-commerce giant Amazon, has secured the esteemed payment aggregator (PA) license from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), marking a significant milestone in its operations. The regulatory approval permits the payments platform to function as a payment aggregator, empowering it to facilitate e-commerce transactions through its application. The fintech firm joins a list of companies that the central bank has granted authorisation to operate as payment aggregators (PA) in 2023.

Detailed Explanation:

Amazon Pay, the financial technology division of e-commerce giant Amazon, has secured the esteemed payment aggregator (PA) license from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), marking a significant milestone in its operations. The regulatory approval permits the payments platform to function as a payment aggregator, empowering it to facilitate e-commerce transactions through its application. The fintech firm joins a list of companies that the central bank has granted authorisation to operate as payment aggregators (PA) in 2023. In addition to the PA license, Amazon Pay already holds a Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPI) license, enabling it to operate its wallet services, including Amazon Pay balance: Money, as outlined in RBI documentation. PAs are entities defined by the RBI that facilitate e-commerce sites and merchants to accept various payment instruments from customers for completing their payment obligations. They enable merchants to connect with acquirers, receive payments from customers, pool them, and transfer them to the merchants after a specific time period. PAs act as intermediaries between the merchant and the customer in payment transactions. They play a crucial role in streamlining the payment process for merchants, eliminating the need for them to create separate payment integration systems. A payment aggregator license allows a company to operate as an intermediary between merchants and payment processors or banks. This license enables the aggregator to accept payments on behalf of multiple merchants, consolidate them, and distribute the funds to the respective merchants. The payment aggregator model is commonly utilized by businesses operating online marketplaces or platforms with multiple sellers offering goods or services. It provides a convenient and efficient payment solution for both merchants and customers within the marketplace ecosystem.

Obtaining a payment aggregator license ensures regulatory compliance and adherence to financial and security standards set by relevant authorities.


2) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

A strategic realignment of government spending is expected to lead to a decline of the general government debt-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio to 73.4% by 2030-31 from an estimated 81.6% in 2023-24, according to a report by the Reserve Bank of India which is in contrast to advanced and emerging economies where the ratio is expected to go up.

Detailed Explanation:

A strategic realignment of government spending is expected to lead to a decline of the general government debt-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio to 73.4% by 2030-31 from an estimated 81.6% in 2023-24, according to a report by the Reserve Bank of India which is in contrast to advanced and emerging economies where the ratio is expected to go up. The general government debt to GDP ratio is 81.6% of GDP in 2023-24 (BE). This projection stands notably lower than the IMF's estimate of 78.2%. The report highlighted the contrasting global trends, revealing an expected increase in the debt-GDP ratio for advanced economies from 112.1% in 2023 to 116.3% in 2028, and for emerging and middle-income countries from 68.3% to 78.1% within the same period. The report titled ‘The Shape of Growth Compatible Fiscal Consolidation’ was authored by RBI staff including Deputy Governor Michael Debabrata Patra.

It highlighted that the outstanding debt of the Union government is projected to decrease to 57.1% of GDP in 2024-25 from 58.2% of GDP in 2023-24. Additionally, over 95% of the outstanding debt is issued in domestic currency, mitigating exchange rate risk, and the weighted average maturity of the outstanding stock of dated securities is 12.2 years, reducing rollover risk.


3) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

Government of India (GoI) has allowed for the extension of the Interest Equalization Scheme for Pre and Post-Shipment Rupee Export Credit ('Scheme') up to June 30, 2024.

Under this extension, Manufacturers and Merchant Exporters dealing with specified 410 HS lines will benefit from a 2 percent interest equalization rate, while MSME manufacturers exporting under any HS line will receive a higher rate of 3 per cent.

Detailed Explanation:

Government of India (GoI) has allowed for the extension of the Interest Equalization Scheme for Pre and Post-Shipment Rupee Export Credit ('Scheme') up to June 30, 2024.

Under this extension, Manufacturers and Merchant Exporters dealing with specified 410 HS lines will benefit from a 2 percent interest equalization rate, while MSME manufacturers exporting under any HS line will receive a higher rate of 3 per cent. The scheme, inaugurated on April 1, 2015, was originally slated for a five-year duration until March 31, 2020.  However, it has since been extended multiple times, including a one-year extension amidst the Covid-19 pandemic, along with additional extensions and allocations of funds. With effect from FY 2023-24, the banks which have priced the loans covered under this scheme at an average interest rate of greater than Repo Rate + 4% prior to subvention would be subjected to certain restrictions under the scheme. The annual net subvention amount has been already capped at Rs 10 Cr per Importer-Exporter Code (IEC) in a given financial year and the same has been communicated to the trade & industry and banks. This is applicable to All Scheduled Commercial Banks (excluding RRBs), Primary (Urban) Cooperative Banks & State Cooperative Banks (scheduled banks having AD category-I license), and Exim Bank. This cap applies to all disbursements made from April 1, 2023, onwards.


4) Answer: C

Short Explanation:

IndusInd Bank and Bharat Financial Inclusion Limited (100% subsidiary of IndusInd Bank) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the State Government of Uttar Pradesh to focus on livestock healthcare management and welfare in the Western Uttar Pradesh region through their social initiative, Bharat Sanjeevani Program.  Through this association, IndusInd Bank and Bharat Financial Inclusion Limited (100% subsidiary of IndusInd Bank) will extend comprehensive operational support for the newly established Cow Sanctuary in Muzaffarnagar and a doorstep tele-medicine and mobile veterinary service under the CSR umbrella – Sattvam.

Detailed Explanation:

Bharat Sanjeevani Program, a CSR program by IndusInd Bank and Bharat Financial Inclusion Limited (100% subsidiary of IndusInd Bank), aims to aid the Cow Sanctuary in Muzaffarnagar, a landmark initiative by the Government of India.  The sanctuary is dedicated to providing care for 5,000 destitute cattle initially, and will be expanded in a phase-wise manner.  Concurrently, in collaboration with the Harit Pradesh Milk Producer Company (HPMPC) and promoted by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), the program will introduce doorstep telemedicine and mobile veterinary services in 7 districts of Western Uttar Pradesh, i.e., Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Bulandshahr, Saharanpur, Hapur, Shamli, and Bijnor.  Additionally, the initiative encompasses a centralized call center in Muzaffarnagar, deploying professionals, medicines, and a mobile app for farmers, enabling livestock farmers within these districts to access mobile veterinary services through a toll-free number. The Bharat Sanjeevani Program has contributed to more than 15 lakh farmers and treated over 2 million livestock in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Telangana.  In recognition of this project, in 2019 BFIL received the maiden National CSR award from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.


5) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the proposal of creation of one post at the level of ScientistH (in the pay level 15) as Director of National Institute of One Health, Nagpur who will also serve as the Mission Director for the multi-Ministerial and multi-sectoral National One Health Mission for integrated disease control and pandemic preparedness, by bringing human, animal, plant and environmental sectors together. The creation of one post of Director of the National Institute of One Health at the level of Scientist 'H' in the pay level 15 (Rs.1,82,000 - Rs.2,24,100) will have annual financial implications of approx. Rs.35.59 lakhs.

Detailed Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the proposal of creation of one post at the level of Scientist H (in the pay level 15) as Director of National Institute of One Health, Nagpur who will also serve as the Mission Director for the multi-Ministerial and multi-sectoral National One Health Mission for integrated disease control and pandemic preparedness, by bringing human, animal, plant and environmental sectors together.The creation of one post of Director of the National Institute of One Health at the level of Scientist 'H' in the pay level 15 (Rs.1,82,000 - Rs.2,24,100) will have annual financial implications of approx. Rs.35.59 lakhs. The director of the National Institute for One Health, Nagpur will serve as the mission director for the multi-ministerial and multi-sectoral National One Health Mission for integrated disease control and pandemic preparedness by bringing human, animal, plant and environmental sectors together.  A programme for strengthening research and development towards integrated diseases central and pandemic preparedness for the National One Health Mission has already been approved on 01.01.2024.


6) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the establishment of three semiconductor units under ‘Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystems in India.   All three units will start construction within the next 100 days. The Programme for Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystem in India was notified on 21.12.2021 with a total outlay of Rs. 76,000 crore.

Detailed Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the establishment of three semiconductor units under ‘Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystems in India.   All three units will start construction within the next 100 days. The Programme for Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystem in India was notified on 21.12.2021 with a total outlay of Rs. 76,000 crore. In June, 2023, the Union Cabinet approved the proposal of Micron for setting up a semiconductor unit in Sanand, Gujarat. Construction of this unit is progressing at a rapid pace and a robust semiconductor ecosystem is emerging near the unit. The approved three semiconductor units are:

  1. Semiconductor Fab with 50,000 wfsm capacity:

Tata Electronics Private Limited (“TEPL”) will set up a semiconductor fab in partnership with Powerchip Semiconductor Manufacturing Corp (PSMC), Taiwan.

Investment: This fab will be constructed in Dholera, Gujarat. Investment in this fab will be Rs.91,000 crore.

Technology partner: PSMC is renowned for its expertise in logic and memory foundry segments. PSMC has 6 semiconductor foundries in Taiwan.

Capacity: 50,000 wafer starts per month (WSPM)

  1. Semiconductor ATMP unit in Assam:

Tata Semiconductor Assembly and Test Pvt Ltd (“TSAT”) will set up a semiconductor unit in Morigaon, Assam.

Investment: This unit will be set up with an investment of Rs.27,000 crore.

Technology: TSAT semiconductor is developing indigenous advanced semiconductor packaging technologies including flip chip and ISIP (integrated system in package) technologies.

Capacity: 48 million per day

Segments covered: Automotive, electric vehicles, consumer electronics, telecom, mobile phones, etc.

  1. Semiconductor ATMP unit for specialized chips:

CG Power, in partnership with Renesas Electronics Corporation, Japan and Stars Microelectronics, Thailand will set up a semiconductor unit in Sanand, Gujarat.

Investment: This unit will be set up with an investment of Rs.7,600 crore.

Technology partner: Renesas is a leading semiconductor company focussed on specialised chips. It operates 12 semiconductor facilities and is an important player in microcontrollers, analog, power, and System on Chip (‘SoC)’ products.

Segments covered: The CG power semiconductor unit will manufacture chips for consumer, industrial, automotive and power applications.

Capacity: 15 million per day


7) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved PM-Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana with a total outlay of Rs.75,021 crore for installing rooftop solar and providing free electricity up to 300 units every month for One Crore households.  The Prime Minister launched the scheme on 13th February, 2024.

Detailed Explanation:

The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved PM-Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana with a total outlay of Rs.75,021 crore for installing rooftop solar and providing free electricity up to 300 units every month for One Crore households.  The Prime Minister launched the scheme on 13th February, 2024. The major highlights of the scheme include:

Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for Residential Rooftop Solar

  1. The scheme provides a CFA of 60% of system cost for 2 kW systems and 40% of additional system cost for systems between 2 to 3 kW capacity. The CFA will be capped at 3 kW. At current benchmark prices, this will mean Rs 30,000 subsidy for 1 kW system, Rs 60,000 for 2 kW systems and Rs 78,000 for 3 kW systems or higher.
  2. The households will apply for subsidy through the National Portal and will be able to select a suitable vendor for installing rooftop solar. The National Portal will assist the households in their decision-making process by providing relevant information such as appropriate system sizes, benefits calculator, vendor rating etc.
  3. Households will be able to access collateral-free low-interest loan products of around 7% at present for installation of residential RTS systems up to 3 kW.

Other Features of the Scheme

  1. A Model Solar Village will be developed in each district of the country to act as a role model for adoption of rooftop solar in rural areas,
  2. Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions shall also benefit from incentives for promoting RTS installations in their areas.
  3. The scheme provides a component for payment security for renewable energy service company (RESCO) based models as well as a fund for innovative projects in RTS.

Outcome and Impact

  • Through this scheme, the households will be able to save electricity bills as well as earn additional income through the sale of surplus power to DISCOMs. A 3 kW system will be able to generate more than 300 units a month on average for a household.
  • The proposed scheme will result in the addition of 30 GW of solar capacity through rooftop solar in the residential sector, generating 1000 BUs of electricity and resulting in a reduction of 720 million tonnes of CO2equivalent emissions over the 25-year lifetime of rooftop systems.
  • It is estimated that the scheme will create around 17 lakh direct jobs in manufacturing, logistics, supply chain, sales, installation, O&M and other services.

Availing Benefits of PM-Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana

  • The Government has launched a massive campaign since the launch of the scheme for raising awareness and generating applications from interested households. Households can register themselves on https://pmsuryaghar.gov.in  to avail benefits under the scheme.


8) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the proposal of the Department of Fertilizers for fixing the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) rates for KHARIF Season, 2024 (from 01.04.2024 to 30.09.2024) on Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) fertilizers and inclusion of 3 new fertilizer grades under NBS scheme.   The tentative budgetary requirement for Kharif season 2024 would be approximately Rs.24,420 crore.

Detailed Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the proposal of the Department of Fertilizers for fixing the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) rates for KHARIF Season, 2024 (from 01.04.2024 to 30.09.2024) on Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) fertilizers and inclusion of 3 new fertilizer grades under NBS scheme.   The tentative budgetary requirement for Kharif season 2024 would be approximately Rs.24,420 crore.

Benefits:

  1. Availability of fertilizers to farmers at subsidized, affordable and reasonable prices will be ensured.
  2. Rationalization of subsidy on P&K fertilizers in view of recent trends in the international prices of fertilizers and inputs.
  3. Inclusion of three new grades in NBS will support in promoting balanced soil health and offer alternatives to the framers to choose fertilizers fortified with micro-nutrients as per the soil requirement.

Implementation Strategy and targets:

  • The subsidy on P&K fertilizers will be provided based on approved rates for Kharif 2024 (applicable from 01.04.2024 to 30.09.2024) to ensure smooth availability of these fertilizers to the farmers at affordable prices.

Background:

  • The government is making available 25 grades of P&K fertilizers to farmers at subsidized prices through fertilizer manufacturers/importers.
  • The subsidy on P&K fertilizers is governed by NBS Scheme w.e.f 01.04.2010.
  • Following its farmer-friendly approach, the Government is committed to ensure the availability of P&K fertilizers to the farmers at affordable prices.
  • Because of the recent trends in the international prices of fertilizers & inputs i.e. Urea, DAP, MOP and Sulphur, the Government has decided to approve the NBS rates for Kharif 2024 effective from 01.04.24 to 30.09.24 on Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) fertilizers.
  • The government has also decided to include 3 new Fertilizer grades under the NBS scheme.
  • The subsidy would be provided to the fertilizer companies as per approved and notified rates so that fertilizers are made available to farmers at affordable prices.


9) Answer: C

Short Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the amendment of the Second Schedule to the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 ('MMDR Act') for specifying rate of royalty in respect of 12 critical and strategic minerals, viz., Beryllium, Cadmium, Cobalt, Gallium, Indium, Rhenium, Selenium, Tantalum, Tellurium, Titanium, Tungsten and Vanadium.      This completes the exercise of the rationalisation of royalty rates for all 24 critical and strategic minerals.

Detailed Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the amendment of the Second Schedule to the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 ('MMDR Act') for specifying rate of royalty in respect of 12 critical and strategic minerals, viz., Beryllium, Cadmium, Cobalt, Gallium, Indium, Rhenium, Selenium, Tantalum, Tellurium, Titanium, Tungsten and Vanadium.     This completes the exercise of the rationalisation of royalty rates for all 24 critical and strategic minerals. It may be noted that the Government had notified the royalty rate of 4 critical minerals, viz., Glauconite, Potash, Molybdenum and Platinum Group of Minerals on 15th March, 2022 and of 3 critical minerals, viz., Lithium, Niobium and Rare Earth Elements on 12th October, 2023. Recently, the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2023, which has come into force from 17th August, 2023, had listed 24 critical and strategic minerals in Part D of the First Schedule of the MMDR Act.  The amendment provided that mining lease and composite licence of these 24 minerals shall be auctioned by the Central Government. The Geological Survey of India (GSI) and Mineral Exploration & Consultancy Ltd. (MECL) have recently handed over the exploration report of 13 blocks containing one or more of critical minerals like Cobalt, Titanium, Gallium, Vanadium and Tungsten.  Further, these agencies are conducting exploration for these critical and strategic minerals in the country. The Central Government has launched the first tranche of the auction of critical and strategic mineral blocks in November, 2023 for minerals such as Lithium, REE, Nickel, Platinum Group of Elements, Potash, Glauconite, Phosphorite, Graphite, Molybdenum, etc. which is getting positive response from the industry. A totalof 20 mineral blocks are being auctioned in the first tranche.  The last date of submission of bids (Bid Due Date) for the first tranche of auction was 26th February, 2024.


10) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the establishment of the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) with headquarters in India with a one-time budgetary support of Rs.150 crore for a period of five years from 2023-24 to 2027-28. Seven big cats include Tiger, Lion, Leopard, Snow Leopard, Puma, Jaguar and the Cheetah out of these five big cats viz. Tiger, Lion, Leopard, Snow Leopard and Cheetah are found in India.

Detailed Explanation:

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the establishment of the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) with headquarters in India with a one-time budgetary support of Rs.150 crore for a period of five years from 2023-24 to 2027-28. Acknowledging India's leading role in conserving tigers, other big cats and many of its endangered species, the Prime Minister of India during his speech on the occasion of Global Tiger Day, 2019 called for an Alliance of Global Leaders to curb poaching in Asia.  He reiterated this on the occasion of Commemorating 50 years of India's Project Tiger on April 9, 2023 and formally announced the launch of an International Big Cat Alliance aiming at securing the future of big cats and landscapes they thrive.  The pioneering and long-standing tiger and other big cat conservation good practices that evolved in India may-be replicated in many other range countries. Seven big cats include Tiger, Lion, Leopard, Snow Leopard, Puma, Jaguar and the Cheetah out of these five big cats viz. Tiger, Lion, Leopard, Snow Leopard and Cheetah are found in India. IBCA aims for mutual cooperation among countries for mutual benefit in furthering the conservation agenda.  IBCA would have a multipronged approach in broad basing and establishing linkages manifold in several areas and help in knowledge sharing, capacity building, networking, advocacy, finance and resources support, research and technical support, education and awareness.


11) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF) in its plenary meeting in February, 2024 removed the United Arab Emirates (UAE) successfully from the watchdog’s grey list. Barbados, Gibraltar and Uganda will also be removed from the FATF's grey list.

Detailed Explanation:

Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF) in its plenary meeting in February, 2024 removed the United Arab Emirates (UAE) successfully from the watchdog’s grey list. Barbados, Gibraltar and Uganda will also be removed from the FATF's grey list. Grey List Additions: Kenya and Namibia have been added to the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) greylist.

The two African states are now under increased monitoring by the organisation for their inadequate measures against money laundering and terrorism financing. Efforts to Address Deficiencies: The UAE has been diligently working over the past two years to strengthen its Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Countering the Financing of Terrorism (CFT) framework to address deficiencies identified by FATF and implement recommended measures. Potential Impact: The removal of the UAE from the grey list could enhance confidence in the country and attract more foreign investment.  It may also lead to increased trade between India and the UAE. Previous Scrutiny: The UAE came under closer scrutiny in 2022 due to concerns raised by FATF regarding money laundering and terrorist financing risks involving banks, precious metals, stones, and property.


12) Answer: C

Black List: Also known as Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs), countries on this list support terror funding and money laundering activities.  The list is regularly revised by FATF. Grey List: Countries considered as safe havens for supporting terror funding and money laundering are placed on the grey list, serving as a warning to take corrective actions to avoid being blacklisted.


13) Answer: B

Short Explanation: About World Gold Council :

  • Founded : 1987
  • Headquarters: London, United Kingdom
  • President : Kelvin Dushnisky
  • CEO: David Tait

Detailed Explanation:

The World Gold Council has appointed Sachin Jain as its new Chief Executive Officer (CEO), India, who will take up the role in March 2024. Jain will succeed Somasundaram PR, who will continue in his present job and duties till Jain joins to facilitate a smooth transfer.

Somasundaram will continue to work with the World Gold Council as an advisor on the establishment of a self-regulatory organisation (SRO), which is a critical project for the Indian gold sector. Sachin joins from De Beers where he has held several senior roles for the past 13 years.  As Managing Director of De Beers India, he has led the De Beers Forevermark business in India and the Middle East. He has over two decades of rich experience and understanding of the Indian consumer.  Previously, Sachin has held senior positions for De Beers, Lladro, Swatch Group and Benetton.


14) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

One97 Communications Ltd (OCL), holding 49% stake in PPBL, has withdrawn its nominee, Vijay Shekhar Sharma, from the PPBL board. This withdrawal indicates a shift in the relationship between Paytm and PPBL, potentially impacting governance and strategic decisions. Ownership Structure:Vijay Shekhar Sharma owns 51% of the Payments Bank in his personal capacity, which further highlights his significant involvement and stake in the bank's operations

Detailed Explanation:

Vijay Shekhar Sharma,Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Paytm and nominee of One97 Communications Ltd (OCL), has resigned from his positions as part-time non-executive chairman and board member of Paytm Payments Bank Limited (PPBL). His resignation facilitated a transition in the structure and composition of the PPBL board. Restructuring of PPBL Board: PPBL, facing a crisis, opted for a reconstitution of its board, aiming for a structure comprising only independent and executive directors. This restructuring suggests an effort to bring in expertise and independence in decision-making within the bank. Withdrawal of Nominee by One97 Communications:One97 Communications Ltd (OCL), holding 49% stake in PPBL, has withdrawn its nominee, Vijay Shekhar Sharma, from the PPBL board. This withdrawal indicates a shift in the relationship between Paytm and PPBL, potentially impacting governance and strategic decisions. Ownership Structure:Vijay Shekhar Sharma owns 51% of the Payments Bank in his personal capacity, which further highlights his significant involvement and stake in the bank's operations New Composition of PPBL Board: The reconstituted board of PPBL includes distinguished individuals:

  • Ex-Central Bank of India Chairman Srinivasan Sridhar,
  • Retired IAS officer Debendranath Sarangi,
  • Former Executive Director of Bank of Baroda Ashok Kumar Garg,
  • Retired IAS Rajni Sekhri Sibal.

They have joined as independent directors, indicating a focus on bringing diverse expertise and experience to the governance of PPBL.


15) Answer: D

Short Explanation:

Zurich Insurance Group will buy a 70% stake in Kotak Mahindra Bank's general insurance arm by paying 55.60 billion rupees (nearly $671 million) upfront instead of staggering the purchase as planned last year. Revised Deal Terms:The original agreement, announced in November of the previous year, outlined Zurich's acquisition of a 51% stake in the Kotak unit for 40.51 billion rupees. Additionally, the agreement included an option for Zurich to acquire an additional 19% holding within three years from the first purchase.

Detailed Explanation:

Zurich Insurance Group will buy a 70% stake in Kotak Mahindra Bank's general insurance arm by paying 55.60 billion rupees (nearly $671 million) upfront instead of staggering the purchase as planned last year. Revised Deal Terms:The original agreement, announced in November of the previous year, outlined Zurich's acquisition of a 51% stake in the Kotak unit for 40.51 billion rupees.Additionally, the agreement included an option for Zurich to acquire an additional 19% holding within three years from the first purchase. Significance of the Deal : This acquisition represents the largest investment by a global insurer in a non-life insurer within the Indian market, highlighting the growing interest of international players in India's insurance sector. Impact on Valuation:Despite the change in the deal's terms, the valuation of Kotak General Insurance remains unaffected.  The valuation was reported as 79.43 billion rupees according to a filing from November 2023.


16) Answer: C

Short Explanation:

India's first septic tank/manhole cleaning robot, offering an end-to-end solution to eliminate manual scavenging, is strengthening the swachhataabhiyan in different corners of the country. It has reached 16 cities in different parts of India and empowers extensive blade cleanings, solid waste desilting, suction and storage at one device; thereby reducing the cost of owning multiple assets and promotes robotic cleaning in sewers.

Detailed Explanation:

India's first septic tank/manhole cleaning robot, offering an end-to-end solution to eliminate manual scavenging, is strengthening the swachhataabhiyan in different corners of the country. The technology called Homosep Atom developed by the startup incubated in the Department of Science and Technology (DST)-Technology Business Incubator (TBI) of IIT Madras, solves manual cleaning methods and transforms it to robotic cleaning methods. It has reached 16 cities in different parts of India and empowers extensive blade cleanings, solid waste desilting, suction and storage at one device; thereby reducing the cost of owning multiple assets and promotes robotic cleaning in sewers. DST-Technology Business Incubators (TBIs) are established in Academic /Technical /R&D Institutions as part of NIDHI programme to support and nurture knowledge driven innovative start-ups into successful enterprises. The startup called Solinas, which developed this affordable robotic solution integrated Artificial Intelligence (AI) to inspect, clean, and manage confined space for sanitation purposes. It helped clean up manhole blockages and reduced sewer overflows in Madurai.  The application of Homosep Atom was also extended to the intricate lanes of Chennai's densely populated area

Targeting septic tanks associated with large apartments, housing boards, and individual houses, this process enabled Municipalities to promptly and efficiently clean, clear, and transport waste to treatment plants. Besides, sanitary workers were empowered with manhole cleaning robots that helped them clean the manholes from outside and avoid going inside the toxic environment, thus providing dignity to the sanitary workers. Solinas is a deep-tech and climate tech startup born out of IIT Madras, founded with the intent to solve the challenges that revolutionises the water and sanitation sector and improves the climatic conditions.  The startup specialises in developing miniature robots, including India's 1st 90mm water robot and 120mm sewer robot, capable of navigating through pipelines below 100mm to address contamination challenges in water-sewer pipelines.


17) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

Union Minister of State for Electronics and IT, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajeev Chandrasekhar inaugurated the ‘Investor Information and Analytics Platform’ developed by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras. IIT Madras collaborated with YNOS Venture Engine, an incubatee startup of IIT Madras, in developing the platform

Detailed Explanation:

Union Minister of State for Electronics and IT, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajeev Chandrasekhar inaugurated the ‘Investor Information and Analytics Platform’ developed by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras. IIT Madras collaborated with YNOS Venture Engine, an incubatee startup of IIT Madras, in developing the platform. The platform serves as a comprehensive resource for startups, providing access to venture capitalists (VCs), investors networks, government schemes, and various components of the startup ecosystem. It aims to streamline the process for entrepreneurs to gather information on government agencies, incubators, investors, VCs, and banks investing in startups. Development and Research : The platform was developed by researchers at the Centre for Research on Start-ups and Risk Financing (CREST) of IIT Madras. Benefits:It will significantly benefit startup founders, entrepreneurs, and young Indians aspiring to create innovative devices, services, and platforms for India and the global market. StartupGPT: An important feature of the platform is “StartupGPT,” an AI-based conversational platform designed to facilitate easy access to information for users navigating through extensive data. The platform boasts a vast repository of information, including details on over 200,000 startups, nearly 11,000 angel investors, 5,000 VCs, about 1,000 incubators, over 100 government agencies funding startups, and around 550 supportive banks.


18) Answer: B

Short Explanation:

Zero Discrimination Day was first celebrated and observed on March 1st, 2014. Zero Discrimination Day was launched by UNAIDS

Detailed Explanation:

Zero Discrimination Day 2024 is celebrated on March 1st, 2024Zero Discrimination Day 2024 helps to create a global movement of solidarity to end all forms of discrimination. The United Nations (UN) and other international organizations are responsible for Zero Discrimination Day The theme for Zero Discrimination Day 2024 is “To protect everyone's health, protect everyone's rights.  Zero Discrimination Day was first celebrated and observed on March 1st, 2014.  Zero Discrimination Day was launched by UNAIDS.  The executive director of UNAIDS Michel Sidibe started it on 23rd December of 2013 with the major event in Beijing.  This day is noted by the organizations that combat discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS.  UNAIDS is the organization that conducts programs on HIV/AIDS awareness and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS.  The main motive to establish this day was to work with discrimination against the people who were affected by HIV/AIDS and also bring equality among the person all over the world in every prospect because we have equal rights.


19) Answer: E

Short Explanation:

Employee Appreciation Day 2024 is observed every year on the 1st Friday of March, so, for this year it is observed on March 1st, 2024Employee Appreciation Day 2024 is an annual event that focuses attention on employees in all industries.

Detailed Explanation:

Employee Appreciation Day 2024 is observed every year on the 1st Friday of March, so, for this year it is observed on March 1st, 2024.  Employee Appreciation Day 2024 is an annual event that focuses attention on employees in all industries. Employee Appreciation Day is an unofficial holiday observed on the first Friday of March.  It was the brainchild of Bob Nelson, one of Recognition Professionals International’s founding board members.  Nelson collaborated with his publishing company, Workman Publishing, to make the holiday appear prominently on workplace calendars starting in 1995.


20) Answer: C

Short Explanation:

  • World Civil Defence Day 2024 is observed on the 1st of March 2024
  • Self Injury Awareness Day 2024 is observed on the 1st of March 2024The Self-Injury Awareness Day (SIAD) is a global event that is conducted every year on March 1st.

Detailed Explanation:

In 1958, the International Association of Geneva Zones became the International Civil Defense Organization (ICDO) and was given a new status as a non-governmental organization with objectives such as establishing a liaison between national civil defence organizations, undertaking and promoting studies and research on population protection matters, and facilitating the exchange of experience and the coordination of efforts in the area of disaster prevention, preparedness, and intervention.  In 1972 the representatives of ICDO member states approved the current text of the organization’s constitution, which entered into force on 1 March 1972.  It attributes the status of the intergovernmental organizations to the ICDO.  March 1 was established as World Civil Defense Day.

The history and origin of Self Injury Awareness Day are not known properly but the day was celebrated more than 20 years on 1st March.  In the late 19th century two American doctors noticed that women around Europe were harming themselves in self-torture.  Later in 1959, the Mental Health Organization passed the Mental Health Act to remove the barriers against the treatment of mental illness in hospitals.  In 1979, people were categorized into nine groups based on the form they self-harm themselves. It is noted that teens are the highest statistic for self-harm. A study shows that 15% of teens and 17-35% of students engage in self-injury.

  • TAGS

Recent Posts

Daily Current Affairs Quiz - 15th June 2024

Jun 15 2024

Daily Current Affairs Quiz - 14th June 2024

Jun 15 2024

Daily Current Affairs 15 June 2024 | Latest News | Download Free PDF

Jun 15 2024

RUDRA DI - A Complete Book For Data Interpretation
  • Covered all types of DI & Caselet Questions both for Prelims & Mains Exams with step by step detailed explanation.
  • New Pattern, High, Tricky, Interesting DI questions based on IBPS PO & SBI PO Mains Previous Year Exams.
  • Includes all Arithmetic DIs, logical DIs, New Pattern Dis & Variable based DI questions.
  • Covered All Level DI Questions from IBPS RRB Clerk Level (Easier) to SBI PO Level (Harder)
₹599 ₹299
View Package
Premium Bundle PDF Course 2024
  • Exactly Based on Real Exam Pattern
  • Language: English and Hindi
  • Included with All New Pattern Questions
  • Covered All Major Bank (Pre + Mains Exams)
  • Answer key with video solution and Quizzes
  • Including Previous Year Memory based Questions
  • Prepared by Top Expert Faculties
  • Total 1,20,000+ Questions
  • 5 Months Validity
₹9999 ₹1199
View Package
General Awareness Smart Analysis
  • Get Weekly 4 set Test
  • Each Set consist of 50 Questions
  • Compare your progress with Test 1 & 2 & Test 3 & 4
  • Deep Analysis in topic wise questions
₹599 ₹149
View Package
Super Plan
  • Premium Bundle PDF Course 2024
  • Bundle PDF Course 2023
  • Ultimate Bundle PDF Course 2022
  • Grand Bundle PDF Course 2021
  • English Bundle PDF Course
  • Insurance & Financial Market Awareness Bundle PDF  Course
  • Descriptive Papers for Bank & Insurance Exams
  • Interview Bundle PDF Course
  • General Awareness Smart Analysis
  • All Bank Exams Video Course
  • All Mock Test Series (Platinum Package)
  • All Premium eBooks
₹17990 ₹1999
View Package